Integration of mass-spectrometry-based global metabolomics and proteomics analysis to characterise different senescence induced molecular sub-phenotypes

Research output: Working paperWorking Paper/Preprint

Abstract

Cellular senescence is a key driver of ageing and its related disease. Thus, targeting and eliminating senescent cells is a major focus in biogerontology to predict and ameliorate age-related malady. Many studies have focused on targeting senescence through the identification of its molecular biomarkers. However, these are not specific for senescence and have different expression patterns across various senescence phenotypes. Here we report a combination of molecular studies (ß-galactosidase expression, DNA damage and replication immunodetection) with a mass spectrometry analysis integrating intra and extracellular global metabolomics to reveal small molecules differentially expressed across multiple senescence phenotypes (replicative senescence, x-ray, and chemical-induced senescence).

Altered key intracellular metabolic changes were identified, depending on the stress stimuli, which were consistent with the presence of pro-inflammatory metabolites in the cellular secretome.

Our work shows the advantage of combining molecular and metabolomics studies for the detailed analysis of cellular senescence and that senescence phenotype changes upon induction method.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationIthaca, New York
Pages1-23
Number of pages23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • mass spectrometry
  • metabolomics

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