Integrated lignocellulosic biorefinery for efficient production of furans and photothermal materials

Chao Liu, Kui Wang, Xinpeng Zhao, Zhijun Chen, Xiaoyan Yin, Tingting Cai, Xiaolei Zhang, Junming Xu, Jun Hu, Xianzhi Meng, Arthur J. Ragauskas, Jianchun Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


Integrated lignocellulosic biorefineries offer a great potential to valorize all the components in lignocellulose into products, including fuels, chemicals, and materials. However, because of lignocellulose recalcitrance, conversion of bioresources remains a techno-economic challenge for many lignocellulosic biorefineries. In this work, we have proposed a sustainable and profitable biorefinery strategy for lignocellulose fractionation and conversion. In this design, a biphasic solvent consisting of a molten salt hydrate LiCl·4H2O and γ-valerolactone (GVL) was initially used for separating hemicellulose from lignocellulose. More interestingly, 100 wt% of biorefinery products from lignin were directly converted to functional photothermal materials by coordinating with Fe3+ for solar-thermal-electricity conversion. Attributed to this rational design, the techno-economic analysis predicts a revenue of 439.3 USD by processing 100 kg of lignocellulosic biomass using the above developed method.
Original languageEnglish
Article number139688
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Issue numberPart 1
Early online date8 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • lignocellulosic biomass
  • molten salt hydrate
  • solvent effects
  • photothermal materials


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