Input-output analysis of the pollution content of intra- and international trade flows

Karen Turner, Cathy Xin Cui, Soo Jung Ha, Geoffrey Hewings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper considers the application of input–output accounting methods to consider the pollution implications of different production and consumption activities, with specific focus on pollution embodied in intra- and inter-national trade flows. It considers the illustrative case studies of production and consumption measures of emissions and pollution embodied in interregional trade flows between two regions of the UK and between five Midwest regions/states within the United States. The analysis raises questions in terms of policy reliance on the extremes of conventional production and consumption accounting measures and considers a range of alternative measures that may be calculated using input–output methods to provide different informational content. The paper focuses on different types of air pollutant of current policy concern in each the UK and the US Midwest cases and demonstrates how use of the environmental input–output framework allows the analysis of the nature and significance of interregional pollution spillovers. The results raise questions in terms of the extent to which authorities at the regional level can limit local emissions where they are limited in the way some emissions can be controlled, particularly with respect to changes in demand elsewhere within the national economy. This implies a need for policy coordination between national and regional level authorities to meet emissions reductions targets. Moreover, the existence of pollution trade balances between regions also raises issues regarding net losses/gains in terms of pollutants as a result of interregional trade. In conducting analyses for different types of air pollutant (here carbon dioxide, CO2, as a global warming gas, a greenhouse gas (GHG), in the UK case; and ammonia, NH3, as a pollutant of more local concern in the US case) the paper also considers how pollution embodied in international trade flows may be accounted for and attributed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages430-455
Number of pages26
JournalContemporary Social Science
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2012

Fingerprint

input-output analysis
pollutant
world trade
air
trade balance
national economy
Pollution
International Trade
demand

Keywords

  • input output
  • trade flows
  • pollution

Cite this

Turner, Karen ; Cui, Cathy Xin ; Ha, Soo Jung ; Hewings, Geoffrey. / Input-output analysis of the pollution content of intra- and international trade flows. In: Contemporary Social Science. 2012 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 430-455.
@article{f86a27ef0cc249868177dbff9388c849,
title = "Input-output analysis of the pollution content of intra- and international trade flows",
abstract = "This paper considers the application of input–output accounting methods to consider the pollution implications of different production and consumption activities, with specific focus on pollution embodied in intra- and inter-national trade flows. It considers the illustrative case studies of production and consumption measures of emissions and pollution embodied in interregional trade flows between two regions of the UK and between five Midwest regions/states within the United States. The analysis raises questions in terms of policy reliance on the extremes of conventional production and consumption accounting measures and considers a range of alternative measures that may be calculated using input–output methods to provide different informational content. The paper focuses on different types of air pollutant of current policy concern in each the UK and the US Midwest cases and demonstrates how use of the environmental input–output framework allows the analysis of the nature and significance of interregional pollution spillovers. The results raise questions in terms of the extent to which authorities at the regional level can limit local emissions where they are limited in the way some emissions can be controlled, particularly with respect to changes in demand elsewhere within the national economy. This implies a need for policy coordination between national and regional level authorities to meet emissions reductions targets. Moreover, the existence of pollution trade balances between regions also raises issues regarding net losses/gains in terms of pollutants as a result of interregional trade. In conducting analyses for different types of air pollutant (here carbon dioxide, CO2, as a global warming gas, a greenhouse gas (GHG), in the UK case; and ammonia, NH3, as a pollutant of more local concern in the US case) the paper also considers how pollution embodied in international trade flows may be accounted for and attributed.",
keywords = "input output, trade flows, pollution",
author = "Karen Turner and Cui, {Cathy Xin} and Ha, {Soo Jung} and Geoffrey Hewings",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1080/21582041.2012.692808",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "430--455",
journal = "Contemporary Social Science",
issn = "2158-2041",
number = "4",

}

Input-output analysis of the pollution content of intra- and international trade flows. / Turner, Karen; Cui, Cathy Xin; Ha, Soo Jung; Hewings, Geoffrey.

In: Contemporary Social Science, Vol. 9, No. 4, 24.07.2012, p. 430-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Input-output analysis of the pollution content of intra- and international trade flows

AU - Turner, Karen

AU - Cui, Cathy Xin

AU - Ha, Soo Jung

AU - Hewings, Geoffrey

PY - 2012/7/24

Y1 - 2012/7/24

N2 - This paper considers the application of input–output accounting methods to consider the pollution implications of different production and consumption activities, with specific focus on pollution embodied in intra- and inter-national trade flows. It considers the illustrative case studies of production and consumption measures of emissions and pollution embodied in interregional trade flows between two regions of the UK and between five Midwest regions/states within the United States. The analysis raises questions in terms of policy reliance on the extremes of conventional production and consumption accounting measures and considers a range of alternative measures that may be calculated using input–output methods to provide different informational content. The paper focuses on different types of air pollutant of current policy concern in each the UK and the US Midwest cases and demonstrates how use of the environmental input–output framework allows the analysis of the nature and significance of interregional pollution spillovers. The results raise questions in terms of the extent to which authorities at the regional level can limit local emissions where they are limited in the way some emissions can be controlled, particularly with respect to changes in demand elsewhere within the national economy. This implies a need for policy coordination between national and regional level authorities to meet emissions reductions targets. Moreover, the existence of pollution trade balances between regions also raises issues regarding net losses/gains in terms of pollutants as a result of interregional trade. In conducting analyses for different types of air pollutant (here carbon dioxide, CO2, as a global warming gas, a greenhouse gas (GHG), in the UK case; and ammonia, NH3, as a pollutant of more local concern in the US case) the paper also considers how pollution embodied in international trade flows may be accounted for and attributed.

AB - This paper considers the application of input–output accounting methods to consider the pollution implications of different production and consumption activities, with specific focus on pollution embodied in intra- and inter-national trade flows. It considers the illustrative case studies of production and consumption measures of emissions and pollution embodied in interregional trade flows between two regions of the UK and between five Midwest regions/states within the United States. The analysis raises questions in terms of policy reliance on the extremes of conventional production and consumption accounting measures and considers a range of alternative measures that may be calculated using input–output methods to provide different informational content. The paper focuses on different types of air pollutant of current policy concern in each the UK and the US Midwest cases and demonstrates how use of the environmental input–output framework allows the analysis of the nature and significance of interregional pollution spillovers. The results raise questions in terms of the extent to which authorities at the regional level can limit local emissions where they are limited in the way some emissions can be controlled, particularly with respect to changes in demand elsewhere within the national economy. This implies a need for policy coordination between national and regional level authorities to meet emissions reductions targets. Moreover, the existence of pollution trade balances between regions also raises issues regarding net losses/gains in terms of pollutants as a result of interregional trade. In conducting analyses for different types of air pollutant (here carbon dioxide, CO2, as a global warming gas, a greenhouse gas (GHG), in the UK case; and ammonia, NH3, as a pollutant of more local concern in the US case) the paper also considers how pollution embodied in international trade flows may be accounted for and attributed.

KW - input output

KW - trade flows

KW - pollution

UR - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21582041.2012.692808

U2 - 10.1080/21582041.2012.692808

DO - 10.1080/21582041.2012.692808

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 430

EP - 455

JO - Contemporary Social Science

T2 - Contemporary Social Science

JF - Contemporary Social Science

SN - 2158-2041

IS - 4

ER -