Innovative energy management system for MVDC networks with black-start capabilities

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Abstract

Medium voltage DC (MVDC) networks are attracting more attention amid increased renewables penetration. The reliability of these DC systems is critical, especially following grid contingencies to maintain critical loads supply and provide ancillary services, such as black-start. This paper proposes an innovative energy management system (EMS) to maintain reliable MVDC network operation under prolonged AC grid contingencies. Similar EMS designs in literature tend to focus on limited operating modes and fall short of covering comprehensive elongated blackout considerations. The proposed EMS in this paper aims to preserve the distribution network functionality of the impacted MVDC system through maintaining a constant DC bus voltage, maximizing critical load supply duration, and maintaining the MVDC system black-start readiness. These objectives are achieved through controlling generation units between Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) and Voltage Regulation (VR) modes, and implementing a smart load shedding and restoration algorithm based on network parameters feedback, such as storage State of Change (SoC) and available resources. Practical design considerations for MVDC network participation in AC network black start, and the following grid synchronization steps are presented and tested as part of the EMS. The proposed system is validated through simulations and scaled lab setup experimental scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2100
Number of pages21
JournalEnergies
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • energy management system
  • power balance
  • DC networks
  • MVDC distribution
  • collector grids
  • power sharing
  • black-start
  • grid synchronization

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