Inmate cancer patients – highlighting the importance of a holistic approach to oncological care

Maria Tolia, Emmanouil K Symvoulakis, Konstantinos Kamposioras, Davide Mauri, Angeliki Skoutari, Panagiotis Volkos, Dimitrios Schizas, Athanasios Spanos, Ioannis Kokakis, Nikolaos Tsoukalas, Nikolaos Charalampakis, Francesco Cuccia, Filippo Alongi, Ramon Andrade de Mello, Katerina M Antoniou, Thomas Hyphantis, Ioanna Nixon, Dimitris Matthaios, Michail Nikolaou, Francesco de LorenzoKathi Apostolidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Purpose: Inmate oncologic patients' rates increased drastically worldwide. Elderly, limited exercise, unhealthy diet, hepatitis, HIV+ status, tobacco and alcohol use, constitute the main cancer risk factors. We present an outline of practical oncological management and ethical thinking, in the specific environment of a detention facility.
Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Database of Controlled Trials, SCOPUS and grey literature were extensively searched upto October 2021. Ιncarcerated oncologic patients experiencevarious everyday challenges:their confinement in high securityfacilities, the lack of access to critical care and related ethicaldilemmas inherent to the context of a correctional facility.
Results: The detention facilities may be inadequate in providing early cancer diagnosis and appropriate care mainlydue to a lack of specialized personnel, b) in-house or in external specialized cancer hospitals, care variability (e.g. admissions in small local or regional hospitals), c) delays inproviding access and d) gatekeeper systems. There is a paucity of administration of a) systemic therapy(chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy etc), b) radiotherapy, c)palliative care, and d) enrollment in clinical trials. 
Conclusions: Correctional facilities must encourage teamwork between healthcare and correctional professionals inorder to improve the provided anticancer care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2688-2703
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of BUON
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2021


  • inmate
  • cancer patients
  • holistic approach
  • oncologicla care


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