Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection

RA Bamford, R Bingham, K Gibson, A Thornton, J Bradford, M Hapgood, L Gargate, L Silva, C Norberg, T Todd, H Wilson, R Stamper

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Radiation is a major scientific and technological challenge for manned missions to Mars. With an interplanetary flight time of months to years there is a high probability of Solar Energetic Particle events during the flight. Radiation damage to human tissue could result in acute sickness or death of the occupants of an unprotected spacecraft. Thus there is much interest in techniques to mitigate the effects of these events and of the exposure to cosmic rays. The experimental and modelling work presented here concerns one of several innovative "Active Shield" solutions being proposed [1]. The idea of generating an artificial magnetosphere to recreate the protective shield of the Earth's magnetic field for space craft travelling to the Moon or Mars was considered seriously in the 1960's during the Apollo era. With most of the space agencies around the world setting their sights returning to the Moon and then on to Mars, the idea of some sort of active field solution is experiencing a resurgence. Results from the laboratory experiment to determine the effectiveness of a mini-magnetosphere barrier to be able to expel a flowing energetic "solar wind" plasma will be presented. This is compared to a 3D hybrid simulation code that has been successfully compared to other astrophysical situations e.g. AMPTE artificial comet releases [2]. The experiment and modelling comparisons will demonstrate the scalability between the laboratory and astrophysical scale.

Conference

ConferenceAGU Fall Meeting, 2007
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, California
Period10/12/0714/12/07

Fingerprint

Magnetosphere
astronauts
Moon
magnetospheres
mars
Interplanetary flight
moon
Solar wind
Cosmic rays
interplanetary flight
Radiation damage
astrophysics
sicknesses
AMPTE (satellites)
Spacecraft
Scalability
flight time
Earth (planet)
Experiments
visual perception

Keywords

  • mini-magnetosphere
  • astronaut protection
  • solar radiation
  • cosmic ray effects

Cite this

Bamford, RA., Bingham, R., Gibson, K., Thornton, A., Bradford, J., Hapgood, M., ... Stamper, R. (2007). Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection. Paper presented at AGU Fall Meeting, 2007, San Francisco, California, United States.
Bamford, RA ; Bingham, R ; Gibson, K ; Thornton, A ; Bradford, J ; Hapgood, M ; Gargate, L ; Silva, L ; Norberg, C ; Todd, T ; Wilson, H ; Stamper, R. / Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection. Paper presented at AGU Fall Meeting, 2007, San Francisco, California, United States.
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Bamford, RA, Bingham, R, Gibson, K, Thornton, A, Bradford, J, Hapgood, M, Gargate, L, Silva, L, Norberg, C, Todd, T, Wilson, H & Stamper, R 2007, 'Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection' Paper presented at AGU Fall Meeting, 2007, San Francisco, California, United States, 10/12/07 - 14/12/07, .

Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection. / Bamford, RA; Bingham, R; Gibson, K; Thornton, A; Bradford, J; Hapgood, M; Gargate, L; Silva, L; Norberg, C; Todd, T; Wilson, H; Stamper, R.

2007. Paper presented at AGU Fall Meeting, 2007, San Francisco, California, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection

AU - Bamford, RA

AU - Bingham, R

AU - Gibson, K

AU - Thornton, A

AU - Bradford, J

AU - Hapgood, M

AU - Gargate, L

AU - Silva, L

AU - Norberg, C

AU - Todd, T

AU - Wilson, H

AU - Stamper, R

PY - 2007/12/31

Y1 - 2007/12/31

N2 - Radiation is a major scientific and technological challenge for manned missions to Mars. With an interplanetary flight time of months to years there is a high probability of Solar Energetic Particle events during the flight. Radiation damage to human tissue could result in acute sickness or death of the occupants of an unprotected spacecraft. Thus there is much interest in techniques to mitigate the effects of these events and of the exposure to cosmic rays. The experimental and modelling work presented here concerns one of several innovative "Active Shield" solutions being proposed [1]. The idea of generating an artificial magnetosphere to recreate the protective shield of the Earth's magnetic field for space craft travelling to the Moon or Mars was considered seriously in the 1960's during the Apollo era. With most of the space agencies around the world setting their sights returning to the Moon and then on to Mars, the idea of some sort of active field solution is experiencing a resurgence. Results from the laboratory experiment to determine the effectiveness of a mini-magnetosphere barrier to be able to expel a flowing energetic "solar wind" plasma will be presented. This is compared to a 3D hybrid simulation code that has been successfully compared to other astrophysical situations e.g. AMPTE artificial comet releases [2]. The experiment and modelling comparisons will demonstrate the scalability between the laboratory and astrophysical scale.

AB - Radiation is a major scientific and technological challenge for manned missions to Mars. With an interplanetary flight time of months to years there is a high probability of Solar Energetic Particle events during the flight. Radiation damage to human tissue could result in acute sickness or death of the occupants of an unprotected spacecraft. Thus there is much interest in techniques to mitigate the effects of these events and of the exposure to cosmic rays. The experimental and modelling work presented here concerns one of several innovative "Active Shield" solutions being proposed [1]. The idea of generating an artificial magnetosphere to recreate the protective shield of the Earth's magnetic field for space craft travelling to the Moon or Mars was considered seriously in the 1960's during the Apollo era. With most of the space agencies around the world setting their sights returning to the Moon and then on to Mars, the idea of some sort of active field solution is experiencing a resurgence. Results from the laboratory experiment to determine the effectiveness of a mini-magnetosphere barrier to be able to expel a flowing energetic "solar wind" plasma will be presented. This is compared to a 3D hybrid simulation code that has been successfully compared to other astrophysical situations e.g. AMPTE artificial comet releases [2]. The experiment and modelling comparisons will demonstrate the scalability between the laboratory and astrophysical scale.

KW - mini-magnetosphere

KW - astronaut protection

KW - solar radiation

KW - cosmic ray effects

M3 - Paper

ER -

Bamford RA, Bingham R, Gibson K, Thornton A, Bradford J, Hapgood M et al. Initial experimental results of a laboratory mini-magnetosphere for astronaut protection. 2007. Paper presented at AGU Fall Meeting, 2007, San Francisco, California, United States.