Influence of buoyancy forces on Marangoni flow instabilities in liquid bridges

M. Lappa, R. Savino, R. Monti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of buoyancy forces on oscillatory Marangoni flow in liquid bridges of different aspect ratio is investigated by three-dimensional, time-dependent numerical solutions and by laboratory experiments using a micro-scale apparatus and a thermographic visualisation system. Liquid bridges heated from above and from below are investigated. The numerical and experimental results show that for each aspect ratio and for both the heating conditions, the onset of the Marangoni oscillatory flow is characterized by the appearance of a standing wave regime; after a certain time, a second transition to a travelling wave regime occurs. The three-dimensional flow organization at the onset of instability is different according to whether the bridge is heated from above or from below. When the liquid bridge is heated from below, the critical Marangoni number is larger, the critical wave number (m) is smaller and the standing wave regime is more stable, compared with the case of bridge heated from above. For the critical azimuthal wave number, two correlation laws are found as function of the geometrical aspect ratio A.
LanguageEnglish
Pages721-749
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2000

Fingerprint

Liquid Bridge
Flow Instability
liquid bridges
Buoyancy
buoyancy
Aspect Ratio
aspect ratio
Standing Wave
standing waves
Liquids
Aspect ratio
Oscillatory Flow
three dimensional flow
Three-dimensional Flow
traveling waves
Traveling Wave
Heating
Visualization
Numerical Solution
Numerical Results

Keywords

  • buoyancy
  • flow
  • fluids
  • numerical solutions

Cite this

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Influence of buoyancy forces on Marangoni flow instabilities in liquid bridges. / Lappa, M.; Savino, R.; Monti, R.

In: International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 10, No. 7, 01.11.2000, p. 721-749.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Lappa, M.

AU - Savino, R.

AU - Monti, R.

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