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Abstract
The twodimensional Hamiltonian system (*) y'(x)=zJH(x)y(x), x∈(a,b), where the Hamiltonian H takes nonnegative 2x2matrices as values, and $J:= \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}$, has attracted a lot of interest over the past decades. Special emphasis has been put on operator models and direct and inverse spectral theorems. Weyl theory plays a prominent role in the spectral theory of the equation, relating the class of all equations (*) to the class N_{0} of all Nevanlinna functions via the construction of Titchmarsh–Weyl coefficients.
In connection with the study of singular potentials, an indefinite (Pontryagin space) analogue of equation (*) was proposed, where the 'general Hamiltonian' is allowed to have a finite number of inner singularities. Direct and inverse spectral theorems, relating the class of all general Hamiltonians to the class _{<N}_{∞} of all generalized Nevanlinna functions, were established.
In the present paper, we investigate the spectral theory of general Hamiltonians having a particular form, namely, such which have only one singularity and the interval to the left of this singularity is a socalled indivisible interval. Our results can comprehensively be formulated as follows.
— We prove direct and inverse spectral theorems for this class, i.e. we establish an intrinsic characterization of the totality of all Titchmarsh–Weyl coefficients corresponding to general Hamiltonians of the considered form.
— We determine the asymptotic growth of the fundamental solution when
approaching the singularity.
— We show that each solution of the equation has 'polynomially regularized'
boundary values at the singularity.
Besides the intrinsic interest and depth of the presented results, our motivation is drawn from forthcoming applications: the present theorems form the core for our study of Sturm–Liouville equations with two singular endpoints and our further study of the structure theory of general Hamiltonians (both to be presented elsewhere).
Original language  English 

Pages (fromto)  477555 
Number of pages  79 
Journal  Operators and Matrices 
Volume  7 
Issue number  3 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  30 Sept 2013 
Keywords
 Hamiltonian system with inner singularity
 Titchmarsh–Weyl coefficient
 inverse problem
 asymptotics of solutions
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Dive into the research topics of 'Indefinite Hamiltonian systems whose Titchmarsh–Weyl coefficients have no finite generalized poles of nonpositive type'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.Projects
 1 Finished

Spectral Theory of Block Operator Matrices
EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)
1/09/07 → 30/11/09
Project: Research