We study how polariton condensation modifies charge transport in organic materials. In typical organic materials, charge transport proceeds via incoherent hopping. We therefore provide an approach to determine how the rate and final state of this hopping process is affected by strong matter-light coupling and polariton condensation. We show how the hopping process may create excitations when starting from a state with a finite excitation density. That is, how hopping can change the state of a lower polariton condensate by creating upper polaritons, optically inactive excitonic dark states, or by exciting vibrational sidebands. While the matrix elements for these processes can be large, for typical materials at room temperature, such excitations are suppressed by thermal factors, and ground-state processes dominate. We thus study how the ground-state hopping rate depends on condensate density, matter-light coupling, and cavity photon detuning. All these factors change the vibrational configuration associated with the optically active molecules, which can enhance or suppress hopping by increasing or decreasing the vibrational overlap with the state of a charged molecule. We show that hopping rates can be exponentially sensitive to detuning and condensate density, allowing an increase or decrease of hopping rate by two orders of magnitude.
- polariton condensation
- organic light emitting devices
- hopping transport
- cavity quantum electrodynamics
- transport phenomena