Among 2574 persons diagnosed with HIV throughout Scotland and observed over the period 1981-1996, cancer incidence compared to the general population was 11 times higher overall; among homosexual/bisexual males, it was 21 times higher and among injecting drug users, haemophiliacs and heterosexuals it was five times higher, mostly due to AIDS-defining neoplasms. However, liver, lung and skin cancers (all non-AIDS-defining) were also significantly increased.
- cohort study
Allardice, G. M., Hole, D. J., Brewster, D. H., Boyd, J., & Goldberg, D. J. (2003). Incidence of malignant neoplasms among HIV infected persons in Scotland. British Journal of Cancer, 89(3), 505-507. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6601139