In silico prediction of medium effects on esterification equilibrium using the COSMO-RS method

P.J. Halling, P. Braiuca, L. Gardossi, S. Pricl, M. Fermeglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach for predicting solvent effects on esterification reactions of industrial importance in the field of biocatalysis. The COSMO-RS method has been used to calculate the activity coefficients of the chemical species involved in various reactions, carried out in different solvents. For comparison we also used the traditional UNIFAC method. Three lipase-catalyzed esterifications were considered: (1) 1-dodecanoic acid with menthol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, toluene, acetonitrile, and 2-methyl-2-butanol; (2) 1-dodecanoic acid and 1-dodecanol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, and toluene; and (3) glycerol and n-octanoic acid in acetonitrile, benzene, and toluene and in the neat reaction mixture (without any solvent). Predicted activities were used to calculate the thermodynamic equilibrium ratio. This should be independent of medium, and the variation in COSMO-RS values is at most 9-fold (corresponding to a DeltaG degrees of about 5.5 kJ/mol, which would still be a very useful prediction) and often only 2-fold (corresponding to less than 2 kJ/mol or 0.5 kcal/mol, therefore comparable with experimental error). UNIFAC is weaker, especially when important roles are played by conformational freedom, intramolecular interactions, strong polar effects, and charge distribution of molecules in the mixture. The relative percent deviations from the mean of equilibrium constants in different solvents range between 17 and 49 for COSMO-RS versus 32 to 65 for UNIFAC. The COSMO-RS method opens up new perspectives for the development of theoretical models for solvent selection with general applicability.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1146-1152
Number of pages7
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Esterification
lauric acid
Computer Simulation
Toluene
Dodecanol
Biocatalysis
Menthol
Benzene
Lipase
Thermodynamics
Glycerol
Theoretical Models
Cyclohexane
n-heptane
n-hexane
acetonitrile
2,2,4-trimethylpentane

Keywords

  • solvents
  • esterification
  • biocatalysis
  • catalysis
  • thermodynamics

Cite this

Halling, P.J. ; Braiuca, P. ; Gardossi, L. ; Pricl, S. ; Fermeglia, M. / In silico prediction of medium effects on esterification equilibrium using the COSMO-RS method. In: Biotechnology Progress. 2006 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 1146-1152.
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abstract = "This paper presents a new approach for predicting solvent effects on esterification reactions of industrial importance in the field of biocatalysis. The COSMO-RS method has been used to calculate the activity coefficients of the chemical species involved in various reactions, carried out in different solvents. For comparison we also used the traditional UNIFAC method. Three lipase-catalyzed esterifications were considered: (1) 1-dodecanoic acid with menthol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, toluene, acetonitrile, and 2-methyl-2-butanol; (2) 1-dodecanoic acid and 1-dodecanol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, and toluene; and (3) glycerol and n-octanoic acid in acetonitrile, benzene, and toluene and in the neat reaction mixture (without any solvent). Predicted activities were used to calculate the thermodynamic equilibrium ratio. This should be independent of medium, and the variation in COSMO-RS values is at most 9-fold (corresponding to a DeltaG degrees of about 5.5 kJ/mol, which would still be a very useful prediction) and often only 2-fold (corresponding to less than 2 kJ/mol or 0.5 kcal/mol, therefore comparable with experimental error). UNIFAC is weaker, especially when important roles are played by conformational freedom, intramolecular interactions, strong polar effects, and charge distribution of molecules in the mixture. The relative percent deviations from the mean of equilibrium constants in different solvents range between 17 and 49 for COSMO-RS versus 32 to 65 for UNIFAC. The COSMO-RS method opens up new perspectives for the development of theoretical models for solvent selection with general applicability.",
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In silico prediction of medium effects on esterification equilibrium using the COSMO-RS method. / Halling, P.J.; Braiuca, P.; Gardossi, L.; Pricl, S.; Fermeglia, M.

In: Biotechnology Progress, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2006, p. 1146-1152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - In silico prediction of medium effects on esterification equilibrium using the COSMO-RS method

AU - Halling, P.J.

AU - Braiuca, P.

AU - Gardossi, L.

AU - Pricl, S.

AU - Fermeglia, M.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - This paper presents a new approach for predicting solvent effects on esterification reactions of industrial importance in the field of biocatalysis. The COSMO-RS method has been used to calculate the activity coefficients of the chemical species involved in various reactions, carried out in different solvents. For comparison we also used the traditional UNIFAC method. Three lipase-catalyzed esterifications were considered: (1) 1-dodecanoic acid with menthol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, toluene, acetonitrile, and 2-methyl-2-butanol; (2) 1-dodecanoic acid and 1-dodecanol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, and toluene; and (3) glycerol and n-octanoic acid in acetonitrile, benzene, and toluene and in the neat reaction mixture (without any solvent). Predicted activities were used to calculate the thermodynamic equilibrium ratio. This should be independent of medium, and the variation in COSMO-RS values is at most 9-fold (corresponding to a DeltaG degrees of about 5.5 kJ/mol, which would still be a very useful prediction) and often only 2-fold (corresponding to less than 2 kJ/mol or 0.5 kcal/mol, therefore comparable with experimental error). UNIFAC is weaker, especially when important roles are played by conformational freedom, intramolecular interactions, strong polar effects, and charge distribution of molecules in the mixture. The relative percent deviations from the mean of equilibrium constants in different solvents range between 17 and 49 for COSMO-RS versus 32 to 65 for UNIFAC. The COSMO-RS method opens up new perspectives for the development of theoretical models for solvent selection with general applicability.

AB - This paper presents a new approach for predicting solvent effects on esterification reactions of industrial importance in the field of biocatalysis. The COSMO-RS method has been used to calculate the activity coefficients of the chemical species involved in various reactions, carried out in different solvents. For comparison we also used the traditional UNIFAC method. Three lipase-catalyzed esterifications were considered: (1) 1-dodecanoic acid with menthol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, toluene, acetonitrile, and 2-methyl-2-butanol; (2) 1-dodecanoic acid and 1-dodecanol in n-hexane, n-heptane, cyclohexane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, and toluene; and (3) glycerol and n-octanoic acid in acetonitrile, benzene, and toluene and in the neat reaction mixture (without any solvent). Predicted activities were used to calculate the thermodynamic equilibrium ratio. This should be independent of medium, and the variation in COSMO-RS values is at most 9-fold (corresponding to a DeltaG degrees of about 5.5 kJ/mol, which would still be a very useful prediction) and often only 2-fold (corresponding to less than 2 kJ/mol or 0.5 kcal/mol, therefore comparable with experimental error). UNIFAC is weaker, especially when important roles are played by conformational freedom, intramolecular interactions, strong polar effects, and charge distribution of molecules in the mixture. The relative percent deviations from the mean of equilibrium constants in different solvents range between 17 and 49 for COSMO-RS versus 32 to 65 for UNIFAC. The COSMO-RS method opens up new perspectives for the development of theoretical models for solvent selection with general applicability.

KW - solvents

KW - esterification

KW - biocatalysis

KW - catalysis

KW - thermodynamics

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bp060081o

U2 - 10.1021/bp060081o

DO - 10.1021/bp060081o

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 1146

EP - 1152

JO - Biotechnology Progress

T2 - Biotechnology Progress

JF - Biotechnology Progress

SN - 8756-7938

IS - 4

ER -