Improving event-based non-intrusive load monitoring using graph signal processing

Bochao Zhao, Kanghang He, Lina Stankovic, Vladimir Stankovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)
282 Downloads (Pure)


Large-scale smart energy metering deployment worldwide and integration of smart meters within the smart grid will enable two-way communication between the consumer and energy network, thus ensuring improved response to demand. Energy disaggregation or Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM), namely disaggregation of the total metered electricity consumption down to individual appliances using purely algorithmic tools, is gaining popularity as an added-value that makes the most of meter data. However, NILM remains a challenging problem since NILM is susceptible to sensor noise, unknown load noise, transient spikes and fluctuations. In this paper, we tackle this problem using novel graph signal processing (GSP) concepts, applied at both, physical signal level via graph-based filtering and data level, via effective semi-supervised GSP-based feature matching. The proposed GSP-based method is generic and can be used to improve results of various event-based NILM approaches. We demonstrate significant improvement in performance using three state-of-the-art NILM methods, both supervised and unsupervised, and real-world active power consumption readings from the REDD and REFIT datasets, sampled at 1 and 8 seconds, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date20 Sept 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Sept 2018


  • load disaggregation
  • non-Intrusive Load Monitoring
  • smart metering
  • graph signal processing


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