Chemical surface treatment of porphyrin-sensitised titania films using bis-(4-methoxyphenyl) phosphinic acid after dye adsorption, results in large improvements in DSSC efficiencies which originate primarily from higher short circuit currents. The result was attributed to a positive shift in the TiO2 quasi-Fermi level with simultaneous retardation of charge recombination. High device performances have been achieved even using simplified electrolyte matrices devoid of the common additives, LiI and t-butylpyridine.
- charge recombination
- nanocrystalline TiO2