Impact of ocean phytoplankton diversity on phosphate uptake

Michael W. Lomas, Juan A. Bonachela, Simon A. Levin, Adam C. Martiny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have a limited understanding of the consequences of variations in microbial biodiversity on ocean ecosystem functioning and global biogeochemical cycles. A core process is macronutrient uptake by microorganisms, as the uptake of nutrients controls ocean CO2 fixation rates in many regions. Here, we ask whether variations in ocean phytoplankton biodiversity lead to novel functional relationships between environmental variability and phosphate (Pi) uptake. We analyzed Pi uptake capabilities and cellular allocations among phytoplankton groups and the whole community throughout the extremely Pi-depleted western North Atlantic Ocean. Pi uptake capabilities of individual populations were well described by a classic uptake function but displayed adaptive differences in uptake capabilities that depend on cell size and nutrient availability. Using an eco-evolutionary model as well as observations of in situ uptake across the region, we confirmed that differences among populations lead to previously uncharacterized relationships between ambient Pi concentrations and uptake. Supported by novel theory, this work provides a robust empirical basis for describing and understanding assimilation of limiting nutrients in the oceans. Thus, it demonstrates that microbial biodiversity, beyond cell size, is important for understanding the global cycling of nutrients.

LanguageEnglish
Pages17540-17545
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume111
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2014

Fingerprint

Phytoplankton
Pi
Phosphate
Ocean
Nutrients
Biodiversity
Cell Size
CO2 Fixation
Functional Relationship
Microorganisms
Cycling
Ecosystem
Availability
Limiting
Cycle
Demonstrate

Keywords

  • adaptive dynamics
  • cyanobacteria
  • eco-evolutionary dynamics
  • phosphate kinetics

Cite this

Lomas, Michael W. ; Bonachela, Juan A. ; Levin, Simon A. ; Martiny, Adam C. / Impact of ocean phytoplankton diversity on phosphate uptake. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . 2014 ; Vol. 111, No. 49. pp. 17540-17545.
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Impact of ocean phytoplankton diversity on phosphate uptake. / Lomas, Michael W.; Bonachela, Juan A.; Levin, Simon A.; Martiny, Adam C.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , Vol. 111, No. 49, 09.12.2014, p. 17540-17545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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