Impact of forging direction on the recrystallization behaviour of nickel base superalloy AD730 billet material at subsolvus temperatures

Marcos Pérez, Christian Dumont, Olivier Nodin, Sebastien Nouveau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

AD730TM is a newly developed Ni-based superalloy for turbine disk applications produced by cast and wrought processes. Conventional ingot-to-billet conversion is an expensive and very complex operation. Because of the difficulties to achieve a uniform strain for recrystallization, large unrecrystallized grains are retained along this process. Heterogeneities of grain size have a negative impact on subsequent forging processes as well as ultrasonic inspectability of the destination part. The main aim of this work is to analyse the impact of both forging direction (billet, cogging) and strain (ε = 0.3 - 2) on the microstructural evolution of AD730 at subsolvus temperatures from a semi-finished product (billet) under conditions representative of both cogging and hot forging operations. Special attention to the presence of large unrecrystallized grains was paid. Double truncated cones (DTCs) were hot forged at subsolvus temperatures followed by air cooling. SEM and EBSD analysis were conducted in the as-received (billet) and the as-forged conditions. AD730 alloy presents a complex microstructure characterized by the presence of large unrecrystallized grains, aligned in the billet direction, with remarkable differences in γ’ precipitates distribution as compared to recrystallized structures. The fine distribution of primary γ’ precipitates (pinning effect) plays a key role on grain size control but also on the recrystallization behaviour. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) mechanism was found to be operating in the large unrecrystallized grains, promoting the formation intragranular DRX grains and the gradual recrystallization of these grains. Strain presents a strong effect on the microstructural evolution of AD730, increasing the recrystallization fraction and refining the structure. By contrast, no significant effect associated to the forging direction was found. Conditions representative of cogging operations (ε ≤ 0.6) at subsolvus temperatures were translated into large fractions of unrecrystallized structures (strain accumulation).
LanguageEnglish
Pages169-181
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials Characterization
Volume146
Early online date5 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

billets
forging
heat resistant alloys
Forging
Nickel
Superalloys
nickel
Microstructural evolution
Temperature
temperature
Precipitates
precipitates
grain size
Billets (metal bars)
air cooling
Dynamic recrystallization
refining
ingots
turbines
Ingots

Keywords

  • AD730
  • hot forging
  • continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX)
  • gamma precipitates
  • EBSD analysis

Cite this

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title = "Impact of forging direction on the recrystallization behaviour of nickel base superalloy AD730 billet material at subsolvus temperatures",
abstract = "AD730TM is a newly developed Ni-based superalloy for turbine disk applications produced by cast and wrought processes. Conventional ingot-to-billet conversion is an expensive and very complex operation. Because of the difficulties to achieve a uniform strain for recrystallization, large unrecrystallized grains are retained along this process. Heterogeneities of grain size have a negative impact on subsequent forging processes as well as ultrasonic inspectability of the destination part. The main aim of this work is to analyse the impact of both forging direction (billet, cogging) and strain (ε = 0.3 - 2) on the microstructural evolution of AD730 at subsolvus temperatures from a semi-finished product (billet) under conditions representative of both cogging and hot forging operations. Special attention to the presence of large unrecrystallized grains was paid. Double truncated cones (DTCs) were hot forged at subsolvus temperatures followed by air cooling. SEM and EBSD analysis were conducted in the as-received (billet) and the as-forged conditions. AD730 alloy presents a complex microstructure characterized by the presence of large unrecrystallized grains, aligned in the billet direction, with remarkable differences in γ’ precipitates distribution as compared to recrystallized structures. The fine distribution of primary γ’ precipitates (pinning effect) plays a key role on grain size control but also on the recrystallization behaviour. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) mechanism was found to be operating in the large unrecrystallized grains, promoting the formation intragranular DRX grains and the gradual recrystallization of these grains. Strain presents a strong effect on the microstructural evolution of AD730, increasing the recrystallization fraction and refining the structure. By contrast, no significant effect associated to the forging direction was found. Conditions representative of cogging operations (ε ≤ 0.6) at subsolvus temperatures were translated into large fractions of unrecrystallized structures (strain accumulation).",
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Impact of forging direction on the recrystallization behaviour of nickel base superalloy AD730 billet material at subsolvus temperatures. / Pérez, Marcos; Dumont, Christian; Nodin, Olivier; Nouveau, Sebastien.

In: Materials Characterization, Vol. 146, 31.12.2018, p. 169-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of forging direction on the recrystallization behaviour of nickel base superalloy AD730 billet material at subsolvus temperatures

AU - Pérez, Marcos

AU - Dumont, Christian

AU - Nodin, Olivier

AU - Nouveau, Sebastien

PY - 2018/12/31

Y1 - 2018/12/31

N2 - AD730TM is a newly developed Ni-based superalloy for turbine disk applications produced by cast and wrought processes. Conventional ingot-to-billet conversion is an expensive and very complex operation. Because of the difficulties to achieve a uniform strain for recrystallization, large unrecrystallized grains are retained along this process. Heterogeneities of grain size have a negative impact on subsequent forging processes as well as ultrasonic inspectability of the destination part. The main aim of this work is to analyse the impact of both forging direction (billet, cogging) and strain (ε = 0.3 - 2) on the microstructural evolution of AD730 at subsolvus temperatures from a semi-finished product (billet) under conditions representative of both cogging and hot forging operations. Special attention to the presence of large unrecrystallized grains was paid. Double truncated cones (DTCs) were hot forged at subsolvus temperatures followed by air cooling. SEM and EBSD analysis were conducted in the as-received (billet) and the as-forged conditions. AD730 alloy presents a complex microstructure characterized by the presence of large unrecrystallized grains, aligned in the billet direction, with remarkable differences in γ’ precipitates distribution as compared to recrystallized structures. The fine distribution of primary γ’ precipitates (pinning effect) plays a key role on grain size control but also on the recrystallization behaviour. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) mechanism was found to be operating in the large unrecrystallized grains, promoting the formation intragranular DRX grains and the gradual recrystallization of these grains. Strain presents a strong effect on the microstructural evolution of AD730, increasing the recrystallization fraction and refining the structure. By contrast, no significant effect associated to the forging direction was found. Conditions representative of cogging operations (ε ≤ 0.6) at subsolvus temperatures were translated into large fractions of unrecrystallized structures (strain accumulation).

AB - AD730TM is a newly developed Ni-based superalloy for turbine disk applications produced by cast and wrought processes. Conventional ingot-to-billet conversion is an expensive and very complex operation. Because of the difficulties to achieve a uniform strain for recrystallization, large unrecrystallized grains are retained along this process. Heterogeneities of grain size have a negative impact on subsequent forging processes as well as ultrasonic inspectability of the destination part. The main aim of this work is to analyse the impact of both forging direction (billet, cogging) and strain (ε = 0.3 - 2) on the microstructural evolution of AD730 at subsolvus temperatures from a semi-finished product (billet) under conditions representative of both cogging and hot forging operations. Special attention to the presence of large unrecrystallized grains was paid. Double truncated cones (DTCs) were hot forged at subsolvus temperatures followed by air cooling. SEM and EBSD analysis were conducted in the as-received (billet) and the as-forged conditions. AD730 alloy presents a complex microstructure characterized by the presence of large unrecrystallized grains, aligned in the billet direction, with remarkable differences in γ’ precipitates distribution as compared to recrystallized structures. The fine distribution of primary γ’ precipitates (pinning effect) plays a key role on grain size control but also on the recrystallization behaviour. Continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) mechanism was found to be operating in the large unrecrystallized grains, promoting the formation intragranular DRX grains and the gradual recrystallization of these grains. Strain presents a strong effect on the microstructural evolution of AD730, increasing the recrystallization fraction and refining the structure. By contrast, no significant effect associated to the forging direction was found. Conditions representative of cogging operations (ε ≤ 0.6) at subsolvus temperatures were translated into large fractions of unrecrystallized structures (strain accumulation).

KW - AD730

KW - hot forging

KW - continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX)

KW - gamma precipitates

KW - EBSD analysis

U2 - 10.1016/j.matchar.2018.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.matchar.2018.10.003

M3 - Article

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EP - 181

JO - Materials Characterization

T2 - Materials Characterization

JF - Materials Characterization

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