Image-in-image hiding using complete complementary sequences

Qu Liu, C. Khirallah, L. Stankovic, Vladimir M. Stankovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper addresses a data-hiding problem where a source image needs to be hidden into another host image. We consider both cases when the decoder has access to the host image (non-blind data-hiding), and when the decoder does not (blind data-hiding). Our proposed solution combines complete complementary (CC) spreading sequences and nested scalar quantization (NSQ). To enhance security, the source image is encrypted prior to embedding. Our simulation results, for both non-blind and blind data-hiding, with AWGN attacks show competitive results. Indeed, for blind data-hiding, our design outperforms the traditional NSQ system by 8 dB.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME 2008)
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-2570-9
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2008


  • digital watermarking
  • data-hiding
  • image security
  • spread spectrum
  • image processing

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