Remacemide[2-amino-N-(1-methyl-1,2-diphenylethyl)-acetamide] was developed as a potential antagonist for epilepsy, Parkinsonism, and Huntington's disease. This paper investigates hydrophilic and hydrophobic intermolecular interactions that occur within the series of crystal structures comprising remacemide 1 and six of its salts [2 = chloride; 3 = nitrate; 4 = acetate (C2H3O2-); 5 = hydrogenfumarate (C4H3O4-); 6 = naphthalene-2-sulfonate (napsilate, C10H7O3S-); 7 = 1-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxylate (xinafoate, C11H7O3-)]. The hydrophilic interactions are described through graph set analyses of the hydrogen bond motifs and networks. The lattice of 1 comprises unidirectional, one-dimensional chains of molecules parallel to the c-axis. In 2, the cation-anion hydrogen bonding imposes a well-defined hydrophilic stratum structure on the lattice. As the cation itself is amphiphilic, a natural consequence of this is the creation of two-dimensional stacked layers with alternating hydrophilic and hydrophobic character (lattice bilayers). This tendency to form bilayers within the lattice is also observed in structures 3-5 (polar anions) and structures 6-7 (amphiphilic anions). Relatively few well-directed intermolecular interactions are observed between aromatic rings, either in 1 or in the hydrophobic layers of 2-7. Therefore, it is concluded that it is the hydrophilic hydrogen bond interactions that dominate the crystal packing and drive the segregation into lattice bilayers in the salt crystal structures.
- Huntington's disease
- crystal structures
Lewis, G. R., Steele, G., McBride, L., Florence, A. J., Kennedy, A. R., Shankland, N., ... Teat, S. J. (2005). Hydrophobic vs hydrophilic: Ionic competition in remacemide salt structures. Crystal Growth and Design, 5(2), 427-438. https://doi.org/10.1021/cg049836u