Hybrid routing scheme for vehicular delay tolerant networks

Sayed Fawad Ali Shah, Mohammad Haseeb Zafar, Ivan Andonovic, Tariqullah Jan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

3 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


In Vehicular Delay Tolerant Networks (VDTN) connection from source to destination at any required period is not necessarily available. Therefore, the node with the message, save it in its own buffer and carry it until an opportunity comes across for forwarding. Fix nodes enhances the performance of VDTN. It helps in message storage and relaying messages. Due to mobility the bit error rate is high in mobile nodes connection but it is not considered in any of the previous routing schemes for VDTN. The connection between fix nodes will always have low bit error rate as compared to connection involving mobile nodes. All the pervious schemes are one dimensional. Environmental hindrances are not taken under consideration as well. Its effect can be both negative and positive. In this paper, a scheme titled Hybrid routing scheme is suggested to overcome the above stated problems. Features of another vehicular network called Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) are added to Maximum Priority (MaxProp) routing scheme for VDTN. Different propagation models of VANETs are implemented for both with and without mobile node communication for VDTN. The concept of bit error rate is also featured in Hybrid routing scheme. This makes Hybrid routing scheme two dimensional and more intelligent. The implementation and performance assessment of the proposed scheme is evaluated via Opportunistic Network Environment (ONE) Simulator. The Hybrid routing scheme outperform MaxProp in terms of the delivery probability and delivery delay.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 8th Computer Science and Electronic Engineering (CEEC)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, N.J.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-1275-6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2017
Event8th Computer Science and Electronic Engineering Conference, CEEC 2016 - Colchester, United Kingdom
Duration: 28 Sep 201630 Sep 2016


Conference8th Computer Science and Electronic Engineering Conference, CEEC 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom


  • bit error rate
  • hybrid routing scheme
  • maximum priority
  • opportunistic network environment
  • vehicular ad hoc networks
  • vehicular delay tolerant networks


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