Hybrid heuristic algorithm for better energy optimization and resource utilization in cloud computing

Ali Abdullah Hamed Al-Mahruqi, Gordon Morison, Brian G. Stewart, Vallavaraj Athinarayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Energy-efficient execution of the scientific workflow is a challenging task in cloud computing that demands high-performance computing to process growing datasets. Due to the interdependency of tasks in the scientific workflow applications, energy-efficient resource allocation is vital for large-scale applications running on heterogeneous physical machines. Thus, this paper proposes a Hybrid Heuristic algorithm based Energy-efficient cloud Computing service (HH-ECO) that offers a significant solution for resource allocation, task scheduling, and optimization of scientific workflows. To ensure the energy-efficient execution, the HH-ECO focuses on executing non-dominant workflow tasks through adaptive mutation and energy-aware migration strategy. HH-ECO adopts the Chaotic based Particle Swarm Optimization (C-PSO) principle to optimize the resource allocation, task scheduling, and resource migration by generating the global best plans without local convergence. C-PSO with adaptive mutation avoids the deterioration of global optima while finding the best host to place the virtual machine and ensures an appropriate resource allocation plan. By considering the workflow task precedence relationships during C-PSO based task scheduling, the novel hybrid heuristic method efficiently solves the multi-objective combinatorial optimization problem without dominance among the workflow tasks. The Cloudsim based simulation study delivers superior results compared to the existing methods such as the Hybrid Heuristic Workflow Scheduling algorithm (HHWS) and Distributed Dynamic VM Management (DDVM). The proposed approach significantly improves the optimal makespan to 38.27% and energy conservation to 38.06% compared to the existing methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-73
Number of pages31
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2021


  • green cloud computing
  • VM migration
  • energy-efficient resource optimization
  • multi-objective optimization problem
  • heurestic algorithm
  • load category


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