Human skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fibre conduction velocity are elevated at higher muscle temperatures during the development of maximal power output

S.R. Gray, G. De Vito, M.A. Nimmo, R.A. Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of temperature on skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) was studied during maximal power output development in humans. Eight male subjects performed a 6-s maximal sprint on a mechanically braked cycle ergometer under conditions of normal (N) and elevated muscle temperature (ET). Muscle temperature was passively elevated through the combination of hot water immersion and electric blankets. Anaerobic ATP turnover was calculated from analysis of muscle biopsies obtained before and immediately after exercise. MFCV was measured during exercise using surface electromyography. Preexercise muscle temperature was 34.2°C (SD 0.6) in N and 37.5°C (SD 0.6) in ET. During ET, the rate of ATP turnover for phosphocreatine utilization [temperature coefficient (Q10) = 3.8], glycolysis (Q10 = 1.7), and total anaerobic ATP turnover [Q10 = 2.7; 10.8 (SD 1.9) vs. 14.6 mmol·kg–1 (dry mass)·s–1 (SD 2.3)] were greater than during N (P < 0.05). MFCV was also greater in ET than in N [3.79 (SD 0.47) to 5.55 m/s (SD 0.72)]. Maximal power output (Q10 = 2.2) and pedal rate (Q10 = 1.6) were greater in ET compared with N (P < 0.05). The Q10 of maximal and mean power were correlated (P < 0.05; R = 0.82 and 0.85, respectively) with the percentage of myosin heavy chain type IIA. The greater power output obtained with passive heating was achieved through an elevated rate of anaerobic ATP turnover and MFCV, possibly due to a greater effect of temperature on power production of fibers, with a predominance of myosin heavy chain IIA at the contraction frequencies reached.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-382
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume290
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Skeletal Muscle
Adenosine Triphosphate
Muscles
Temperature
Myosin Heavy Chains
Phosphocreatine
Human Development
Electromyography
Immersion
Glycolysis
Heating
Foot
Biopsy
Water

Keywords

  • cycling exercise
  • energy production
  • surface electromyography
  • myosin heavy chain
  • temperature coefficient

Cite this

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title = "Human skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fibre conduction velocity are elevated at higher muscle temperatures during the development of maximal power output",
abstract = "The effect of temperature on skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) was studied during maximal power output development in humans. Eight male subjects performed a 6-s maximal sprint on a mechanically braked cycle ergometer under conditions of normal (N) and elevated muscle temperature (ET). Muscle temperature was passively elevated through the combination of hot water immersion and electric blankets. Anaerobic ATP turnover was calculated from analysis of muscle biopsies obtained before and immediately after exercise. MFCV was measured during exercise using surface electromyography. Preexercise muscle temperature was 34.2°C (SD 0.6) in N and 37.5°C (SD 0.6) in ET. During ET, the rate of ATP turnover for phosphocreatine utilization [temperature coefficient (Q10) = 3.8], glycolysis (Q10 = 1.7), and total anaerobic ATP turnover [Q10 = 2.7; 10.8 (SD 1.9) vs. 14.6 mmol·kg–1 (dry mass)·s–1 (SD 2.3)] were greater than during N (P < 0.05). MFCV was also greater in ET than in N [3.79 (SD 0.47) to 5.55 m/s (SD 0.72)]. Maximal power output (Q10 = 2.2) and pedal rate (Q10 = 1.6) were greater in ET compared with N (P < 0.05). The Q10 of maximal and mean power were correlated (P < 0.05; R = 0.82 and 0.85, respectively) with the percentage of myosin heavy chain type IIA. The greater power output obtained with passive heating was achieved through an elevated rate of anaerobic ATP turnover and MFCV, possibly due to a greater effect of temperature on power production of fibers, with a predominance of myosin heavy chain IIA at the contraction frequencies reached.",
keywords = "cycling exercise, energy production , surface electromyography, myosin heavy chain, temperature coefficient",
author = "S.R. Gray and {De Vito}, G. and M.A. Nimmo and R.A. Ferguson",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1152/ajpregu.00291.2005.",
language = "English",
volume = "290",
pages = "376--382",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology",
issn = "0363-6119",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Human skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fibre conduction velocity are elevated at higher muscle temperatures during the development of maximal power output

AU - Gray, S.R.

AU - De Vito, G.

AU - Nimmo, M.A.

AU - Ferguson, R.A.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The effect of temperature on skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) was studied during maximal power output development in humans. Eight male subjects performed a 6-s maximal sprint on a mechanically braked cycle ergometer under conditions of normal (N) and elevated muscle temperature (ET). Muscle temperature was passively elevated through the combination of hot water immersion and electric blankets. Anaerobic ATP turnover was calculated from analysis of muscle biopsies obtained before and immediately after exercise. MFCV was measured during exercise using surface electromyography. Preexercise muscle temperature was 34.2°C (SD 0.6) in N and 37.5°C (SD 0.6) in ET. During ET, the rate of ATP turnover for phosphocreatine utilization [temperature coefficient (Q10) = 3.8], glycolysis (Q10 = 1.7), and total anaerobic ATP turnover [Q10 = 2.7; 10.8 (SD 1.9) vs. 14.6 mmol·kg–1 (dry mass)·s–1 (SD 2.3)] were greater than during N (P < 0.05). MFCV was also greater in ET than in N [3.79 (SD 0.47) to 5.55 m/s (SD 0.72)]. Maximal power output (Q10 = 2.2) and pedal rate (Q10 = 1.6) were greater in ET compared with N (P < 0.05). The Q10 of maximal and mean power were correlated (P < 0.05; R = 0.82 and 0.85, respectively) with the percentage of myosin heavy chain type IIA. The greater power output obtained with passive heating was achieved through an elevated rate of anaerobic ATP turnover and MFCV, possibly due to a greater effect of temperature on power production of fibers, with a predominance of myosin heavy chain IIA at the contraction frequencies reached.

AB - The effect of temperature on skeletal muscle ATP turnover and muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) was studied during maximal power output development in humans. Eight male subjects performed a 6-s maximal sprint on a mechanically braked cycle ergometer under conditions of normal (N) and elevated muscle temperature (ET). Muscle temperature was passively elevated through the combination of hot water immersion and electric blankets. Anaerobic ATP turnover was calculated from analysis of muscle biopsies obtained before and immediately after exercise. MFCV was measured during exercise using surface electromyography. Preexercise muscle temperature was 34.2°C (SD 0.6) in N and 37.5°C (SD 0.6) in ET. During ET, the rate of ATP turnover for phosphocreatine utilization [temperature coefficient (Q10) = 3.8], glycolysis (Q10 = 1.7), and total anaerobic ATP turnover [Q10 = 2.7; 10.8 (SD 1.9) vs. 14.6 mmol·kg–1 (dry mass)·s–1 (SD 2.3)] were greater than during N (P < 0.05). MFCV was also greater in ET than in N [3.79 (SD 0.47) to 5.55 m/s (SD 0.72)]. Maximal power output (Q10 = 2.2) and pedal rate (Q10 = 1.6) were greater in ET compared with N (P < 0.05). The Q10 of maximal and mean power were correlated (P < 0.05; R = 0.82 and 0.85, respectively) with the percentage of myosin heavy chain type IIA. The greater power output obtained with passive heating was achieved through an elevated rate of anaerobic ATP turnover and MFCV, possibly due to a greater effect of temperature on power production of fibers, with a predominance of myosin heavy chain IIA at the contraction frequencies reached.

KW - cycling exercise

KW - energy production

KW - surface electromyography

KW - myosin heavy chain

KW - temperature coefficient

U2 - 10.1152/ajpregu.00291.2005.

DO - 10.1152/ajpregu.00291.2005.

M3 - Article

VL - 290

SP - 376

EP - 382

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology

SN - 0363-6119

IS - 2

ER -