Human aldo-keto reductase AKR7A2 protects against the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of reactive aldehydes and lowers intracellular reactive oxygen species in hamster V79-4 cells

Elizabeth Ellis

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aldo-keto reductase (AKR) enzymes are critical for the detoxication of endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. Previous studies have shown that the AKR7A2 enzyme is catalytically active toward aldehydes arising from lipid peroxidation, suggesting a potential role against the consequences of oxidative stress, and representing an important detoxication route in mammalian cells. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of AKR7A2 to protect cells against aldehyde cytotoxicity and genotoxicity and elucidate its potential role in providing resistance to oxidative stress. A transgenic mammalian cell model was developed in which AKR7A2 was overexpressed in V79-4 cells and used to evaluate the ability of AKR7A2 to provide resistance against toxic aldehydes. Results show that AKR7A2 provides increased resistance to the cytotoxicity of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and modest resistance to the cytotoxicity of trans, trans-muconaldehyde (MUC) and methyglyoxal, but provided no protection against crotonaldehyde and acrolein. Cells expressing AKR7A2 were also found to be less susceptible to DNA damage, showing a decrease in mutation rate cause by 4-HNE compared to control cells. Furthermore, the role of the AKR7A2 enzyme on the cellular capability to cope with oxidative stress was assessed. V79 cells expressing AKR7A2 were more resistant to the redox-cycler menadione and were able to lower menadione-induced ROS levels in both a time and dose dependent manner. In addition, AKR7A2 was able to maintain intracellular GSH levels in the presence of menadione. Together these findings indicate that AKR7A2 is involved in cellular detoxication pathways and may play a defensive role against oxidative stress in vivo.
LanguageEnglish
Pages25-34
Number of pages10
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume195
Issue number1
Early online date5 Oct 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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Oxidative stress
Cytotoxicity
Vitamin K 3
Aldehydes
Cricetinae
Reactive Oxygen Species
Cells
2-butenal
Oxidative Stress
Enzymes
Acrolein
Poisons
Lipids
Mutation Rate
carbonyl reductase (NADPH)
DNA
Lipid Peroxidation
DNA Damage
Oxidation-Reduction
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal

Keywords

  • aldo-keto reductase
  • cytotoxicity
  • mutagenicity
  • aldehydes
  • intracellular reactive oxygen

Cite this

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title = "Human aldo-keto reductase AKR7A2 protects against the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of reactive aldehydes and lowers intracellular reactive oxygen species in hamster V79-4 cells",
abstract = "Aldo-keto reductase (AKR) enzymes are critical for the detoxication of endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. Previous studies have shown that the AKR7A2 enzyme is catalytically active toward aldehydes arising from lipid peroxidation, suggesting a potential role against the consequences of oxidative stress, and representing an important detoxication route in mammalian cells. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of AKR7A2 to protect cells against aldehyde cytotoxicity and genotoxicity and elucidate its potential role in providing resistance to oxidative stress. A transgenic mammalian cell model was developed in which AKR7A2 was overexpressed in V79-4 cells and used to evaluate the ability of AKR7A2 to provide resistance against toxic aldehydes. Results show that AKR7A2 provides increased resistance to the cytotoxicity of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and modest resistance to the cytotoxicity of trans, trans-muconaldehyde (MUC) and methyglyoxal, but provided no protection against crotonaldehyde and acrolein. Cells expressing AKR7A2 were also found to be less susceptible to DNA damage, showing a decrease in mutation rate cause by 4-HNE compared to control cells. Furthermore, the role of the AKR7A2 enzyme on the cellular capability to cope with oxidative stress was assessed. V79 cells expressing AKR7A2 were more resistant to the redox-cycler menadione and were able to lower menadione-induced ROS levels in both a time and dose dependent manner. In addition, AKR7A2 was able to maintain intracellular GSH levels in the presence of menadione. Together these findings indicate that AKR7A2 is involved in cellular detoxication pathways and may play a defensive role against oxidative stress in vivo.",
keywords = "aldo-keto reductase , cytotoxicity , mutagenicity, aldehydes , intracellular reactive oxygen",
author = "Elizabeth Ellis",
year = "2012",
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AB - Aldo-keto reductase (AKR) enzymes are critical for the detoxication of endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. Previous studies have shown that the AKR7A2 enzyme is catalytically active toward aldehydes arising from lipid peroxidation, suggesting a potential role against the consequences of oxidative stress, and representing an important detoxication route in mammalian cells. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of AKR7A2 to protect cells against aldehyde cytotoxicity and genotoxicity and elucidate its potential role in providing resistance to oxidative stress. A transgenic mammalian cell model was developed in which AKR7A2 was overexpressed in V79-4 cells and used to evaluate the ability of AKR7A2 to provide resistance against toxic aldehydes. Results show that AKR7A2 provides increased resistance to the cytotoxicity of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and modest resistance to the cytotoxicity of trans, trans-muconaldehyde (MUC) and methyglyoxal, but provided no protection against crotonaldehyde and acrolein. Cells expressing AKR7A2 were also found to be less susceptible to DNA damage, showing a decrease in mutation rate cause by 4-HNE compared to control cells. Furthermore, the role of the AKR7A2 enzyme on the cellular capability to cope with oxidative stress was assessed. V79 cells expressing AKR7A2 were more resistant to the redox-cycler menadione and were able to lower menadione-induced ROS levels in both a time and dose dependent manner. In addition, AKR7A2 was able to maintain intracellular GSH levels in the presence of menadione. Together these findings indicate that AKR7A2 is involved in cellular detoxication pathways and may play a defensive role against oxidative stress in vivo.

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