How to make it true? A Regulatory reflection

Ivana Kockar, Gianluigi Migliavacca

Research output: Other contribution


This final article in the series dedicated to the ancillary services from distribution provides a few reflections on regulatory aspects concerning future network operation and how the exciting work carried out in the SmartNet project may help plans to realise a better integration and utilisation of renewable energy.
The EU's Renewable Energy Directive sets a binding target of 20 per cent of final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020. New and even more challenging targets have been set for 2030, including a cut by 40 per cent in greenhouse gas emissions and at least 27 per cent renewable energy consumption. To that end, the increased penetration of the Distributed Energy Resources (DERs), i.e. Distributed Generators (DGs), Active Demand Participation (ADP) and Energy Storage (ES) devices, have been hailed as one of the major ways to carry out the transition towards low-carbon power systems. However, the emergence of local, distributed, generation and rising levels of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) are challenging the traditional ways of managing energy networks. They also require a review and adjustment of energy policies, both at the EU and national levels.
Original languageEnglish
TypeFlorence School of Regulation: Topic of the Month
Media of outputwebsite
Place of PublicationFlorence
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2017


  • electricity
  • regulation
  • network operation


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