How information propagation in social networks can improve energy savings based on time of use tariff

Uduakobong E. Ekpenyong, Jiangfeng Zhang, Xiaohua Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


The expected savings from energy efficiency projects are divided into two, direct savings and indirect savings. Direct savings refer to savings obtained through the personal effort of an individual implementing some energy efficiency measures. Indirect savings are achieved through information transmission of energy efficiency measures from an individual to his/her neighbours. In this paper information transmission is seen as human contribution for energy savings through interactions within the social network. This paper formulates a mathematical model that calculates an expected energy cost savings model that consists of direct and indirect savings. Indirect savings are made through social interactions of people in a network over time. Direct savings calculations are based on the Homeflex time of use tariff of South Africa. A case study of thirty-six households is used to illustrate the impact individuals have on the rest of their network in transferring information about the energy efficiency measures they have implemented. The results show that social interactions can improve energy efficiency savings and consequently reduce electricity cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
Early online date15 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • energy efficiency
  • information distribution
  • information entropy
  • probability
  • social network
  • time of use tariff


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