How did kinship care emerge as a significant form of placement for children in care? A comparative study of the experience in Ireland and Scotland

Louise Hill, Robbie Gilligan, Graham Connelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A notable development in child welfare provision in recent decades has been growth in certain jurisdictions of formal kinship care as a type of placement for children needing 'out of home' care. This trend raises the question of why formal kinship care has emerged in such a marked way in this period in some contexts. This paper sets out to explore this issue by investigating the emergence and development of formal kinship care in two neighboring jurisdictions in Europe where it now accounts for a substantial proportion of all care placements in Scotland and Ireland. The paper sets out a conceptual framework that considers the emergence of formal kinship care against the backdrop of the overall care systems in both jurisdictions and the wider set of societal kinship care practices relating to children. It traces key policy developments in the evolution of formal kinship care in both systems. It reviews policy challenges and influences that may help to account for the emergence and current relative importance of formal kinship care. This comparative case study aims to contribute to international debates about the development of formal kinship care.
LanguageEnglish
Article number104368
Number of pages25
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Early online date5 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Foster Home Care
Scotland
Child Care
Ireland
kinship
experience
jurisdiction
Policy Making
Home Care Services
Child Welfare
home care
child welfare
development policy
Growth

Keywords

  • kinship care
  • relative care
  • looked-after children
  • Scotland
  • Ireland

Cite this

@article{e23cf1d448d6481b8edc92b977852e4d,
title = "How did kinship care emerge as a significant form of placement for children in care? A comparative study of the experience in Ireland and Scotland",
abstract = "A notable development in child welfare provision in recent decades has been growth in certain jurisdictions of formal kinship care as a type of placement for children needing 'out of home' care. This trend raises the question of why formal kinship care has emerged in such a marked way in this period in some contexts. This paper sets out to explore this issue by investigating the emergence and development of formal kinship care in two neighboring jurisdictions in Europe where it now accounts for a substantial proportion of all care placements in Scotland and Ireland. The paper sets out a conceptual framework that considers the emergence of formal kinship care against the backdrop of the overall care systems in both jurisdictions and the wider set of societal kinship care practices relating to children. It traces key policy developments in the evolution of formal kinship care in both systems. It reviews policy challenges and influences that may help to account for the emergence and current relative importance of formal kinship care. This comparative case study aims to contribute to international debates about the development of formal kinship care.",
keywords = "kinship care, relative care, looked-after children, Scotland, Ireland",
author = "Louise Hill and Robbie Gilligan and Graham Connelly",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.06.003",
language = "English",
journal = "Children and Youth Services Review",
issn = "0190-7409",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How did kinship care emerge as a significant form of placement for children in care? A comparative study of the experience in Ireland and Scotland

AU - Hill, Louise

AU - Gilligan, Robbie

AU - Connelly, Graham

PY - 2019/6/5

Y1 - 2019/6/5

N2 - A notable development in child welfare provision in recent decades has been growth in certain jurisdictions of formal kinship care as a type of placement for children needing 'out of home' care. This trend raises the question of why formal kinship care has emerged in such a marked way in this period in some contexts. This paper sets out to explore this issue by investigating the emergence and development of formal kinship care in two neighboring jurisdictions in Europe where it now accounts for a substantial proportion of all care placements in Scotland and Ireland. The paper sets out a conceptual framework that considers the emergence of formal kinship care against the backdrop of the overall care systems in both jurisdictions and the wider set of societal kinship care practices relating to children. It traces key policy developments in the evolution of formal kinship care in both systems. It reviews policy challenges and influences that may help to account for the emergence and current relative importance of formal kinship care. This comparative case study aims to contribute to international debates about the development of formal kinship care.

AB - A notable development in child welfare provision in recent decades has been growth in certain jurisdictions of formal kinship care as a type of placement for children needing 'out of home' care. This trend raises the question of why formal kinship care has emerged in such a marked way in this period in some contexts. This paper sets out to explore this issue by investigating the emergence and development of formal kinship care in two neighboring jurisdictions in Europe where it now accounts for a substantial proportion of all care placements in Scotland and Ireland. The paper sets out a conceptual framework that considers the emergence of formal kinship care against the backdrop of the overall care systems in both jurisdictions and the wider set of societal kinship care practices relating to children. It traces key policy developments in the evolution of formal kinship care in both systems. It reviews policy challenges and influences that may help to account for the emergence and current relative importance of formal kinship care. This comparative case study aims to contribute to international debates about the development of formal kinship care.

KW - kinship care

KW - relative care

KW - looked-after children

KW - Scotland

KW - Ireland

U2 - 10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.06.003

M3 - Article

JO - Children and Youth Services Review

T2 - Children and Youth Services Review

JF - Children and Youth Services Review

SN - 0190-7409

M1 - 104368

ER -