Hot under the collar: Mapping thermal feedback to dimensional models of emotion

Graham Wilson, Dobromir Dobrev, Stephen A. Brewster

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are inherent associations between temperature and emotion in language, cognition and subjective experience [22,42]. However, there exists no systematic mapping of thermal feedback to models of emotion that could be used by designers and users to convey a range of emotions in HCI. A common way of classifying emotions and quantifying emotional experience is through ratings along valence and arousal dimensions, originating from Russell's circumplex model [32]. Therefore, the research in this paper mapped subjective ratings of a range of thermal stimuli to the circumplex model to understand the range of emotions that might be conveyed through thermal feedback. However, as the suitability of the model varies depending on the type of emotional stimuli [31], we also compared the goodness of fit of ratings between the circumplex and vector [8,31] models of emotion. The results showed that thermal feedback was interpreted as representing a limited range of emotions concentrated in just two quadrants or categories of the circumplex: high valence, low arousal and low valence, high arousal. Warm stimuli were perceived as more pleasant/positive than cool stimuli and altering either the rate or extent of temperature change affected both valence and arousal axes simultaneously. The results showed a significantly better fit to a vector model than to the circumplex.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Pages4838-4849
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781450333627
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2016
Event34th Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016 - San Jose, United States
Duration: 7 May 201612 May 2016

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Conference

Conference34th Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose
Period7/05/1612/05/16

Keywords

  • emotion
  • interaction design
  • thermal feedback

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    Wilson, G., Dobrev, D., & Brewster, S. A. (2016). Hot under the collar: Mapping thermal feedback to dimensional models of emotion. In CHI 2016: Proceedings of the 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 4838-4849). (Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858205