Hot embossing of polypropylene micro-tubes into functional tubular components with controlled inner-pore sizes

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To meet ever-increasing demands on the micro-components for medical and non-medical applications, a new micro-shaping technology - “hot embossing of micro-tubes”, had been developed for the forming of polymeric tubular micro-components. The paper presents the results from the forming of Polypropylene(PP) micro-tubes with outer diameters of 1.3mm and inner diameters 0.6mm, to achieve various reduced inner-features. The study was effected by combining experiment, numerical simulation and SEM analysis. FE simulation was implemented by using the material data obtained from the material characterisation tests. The forming experiment was conducted with a high-precision hot-embossing machine, developed in-house, with automated handling and good reliability and repeatability. The Polypropylene (PP) micro-tubes were successfully formed into the desired features at the temperatures of 60°C and 100°C respectively. The influences of the parameters/factors, such as tool design, temperature, forming pressure and holding time, on the quality of the shaped parts, are discussed in details. Based on this study, it is concluded that PP is an ideal candidate material among the polymeric materials for hot embossing of tubular micro-components, due to its good ductility, low transition temperature and low viscosity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10005
Number of pages6
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2018
EventThe 5th International Conference On New Forming Technology - BIAS- Bremer Institut für angewandte Strahltechnik GmbH , Bremen, Germany
Duration: 18 Sep 201821 Sep 2018


  • micro-forming
  • manufacturing process
  • tool geometry


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