History and development of validation with the ESP-r simulation program

Paul Strachan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Iain Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issuepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)
190 Downloads (Pure)


It is well recognised that validation of dynamic building simulation programs is a long-term complex task. There have been many large national and international efforts that have led to a well-established validation methodology comprising analytical, inter-program comparison and empirical validation elements, and a significant number of tests have been developed. As simulation usage increases, driven by such initiatives as the European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, such tests are starting to be incorporated into national and international standards. Although many program developers have run many of the developed tests, there does not appear to have been a systematic attempt to incorporate such tests into routine operation of the simulation programs. This paper reports work undertaken to address this deficiency. The paper summarizes the tests that have been applied to the simulation program ESP-r. These tests have been developed within International Energy Agency Annexes, within CEN standards, within various large-scale national projects, and by the UK's Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers. The structure used to encapsulate the tests allows developers to ensure that recent code modifications have not resulted in unforeseen impacts on program predictions, and allows users to check for themselves against benchmarks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-609
Number of pages9
JournalBuilding and Environment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008


  • validation
  • simulation programs
  • building simulation
  • european energy performance
  • buildings directive


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