Highly-photostable and mechanically flexible all-organic semiconductor lasers

C. Foucher, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, N. Laurand, M. D. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two formats of all-organic distributed-feedback lasers with improved photostability, respectively called nanocomposite and encapsulated lasers, are reported. These lasers are compatible with mechanically-flexible platforms and were entirely fabricated using soft-lithography and spin-coating techniques. The gain elements in both types of lasers were monodisperse pi-conjugated star-shaped macromolecules (oligofluorene truxene, T3). In the nanocomposites lasers, these elements were incorporated into a transparent polyimide matrix, while in the encapsulated devices a neat layer of T3 was overcoated with Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The T3-nanocomposite devices demonstrated a 1/e degradation energy dosage up to similar to 27.0 +/- 6.5 J/cm(2) with a threshold fluence of 115 +/- 10 mu J/cm(2). This represents a 3-fold improvement in operation lifetime under ambient conditions compared to the equivalent laser made with neat organic films, albeit with a 1.6-time increase in threshold. The PVA-encapsulated lasers showed the best overall performance: a 40-time improvement in the operation lifetime and crucially no-trade-off on the threshold, with respectively a degradation energy dosage of similar to 280 +/- 20 J/cm(2) and a threshold fluence of 36 +/- 8 mu J/cm(2).

LanguageEnglish
Pages584-597
Number of pages14
JournalOptical Materials Express
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

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Semiconducting organic compounds
Semiconductor lasers
Lasers
Nanocomposites
Organic lasers
Degradation
Coating techniques
Distributed feedback lasers
Spin coating
Macromolecules
Polyimides
Lithography
Stars
Alcohols

Keywords

  • distributed-feedback lasers
  • photostability
  • semiconductor laser

Cite this

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abstract = "Two formats of all-organic distributed-feedback lasers with improved photostability, respectively called nanocomposite and encapsulated lasers, are reported. These lasers are compatible with mechanically-flexible platforms and were entirely fabricated using soft-lithography and spin-coating techniques. The gain elements in both types of lasers were monodisperse pi-conjugated star-shaped macromolecules (oligofluorene truxene, T3). In the nanocomposites lasers, these elements were incorporated into a transparent polyimide matrix, while in the encapsulated devices a neat layer of T3 was overcoated with Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The T3-nanocomposite devices demonstrated a 1/e degradation energy dosage up to similar to 27.0 +/- 6.5 J/cm(2) with a threshold fluence of 115 +/- 10 mu J/cm(2). This represents a 3-fold improvement in operation lifetime under ambient conditions compared to the equivalent laser made with neat organic films, albeit with a 1.6-time increase in threshold. The PVA-encapsulated lasers showed the best overall performance: a 40-time improvement in the operation lifetime and crucially no-trade-off on the threshold, with respectively a degradation energy dosage of similar to 280 +/- 20 J/cm(2) and a threshold fluence of 36 +/- 8 mu J/cm(2).",
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Highly-photostable and mechanically flexible all-organic semiconductor lasers. / Foucher, C.; Guilhabert, B.; Kanibolotsky, A. L.; Skabara, P. J.; Laurand, N.; Dawson, M. D.

In: Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, No. 5, 01.05.2013, p. 584-597.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Laurand, N.

AU - Dawson, M. D.

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