Highly anisotropic metasurface: a polarized beam splitter and hologram

Jun Zheng, Zhi-Cheng Ye, Nan-Ling Sun, Rui Zhang, Zheng-Ming Sheng, Han-Ping Shieh, Jie Zhang

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46 Citations (Scopus)
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Two-dimensional metasurface structures have recently been proposed to reduce the challenges of fabrication of traditional plasmonic metamaterials. However, complex designs and sophisticated fabrication procedures are still required. Here, we present a unique one-dimensional (1-D) metasurface based on bilayered metallic nanowire gratings, which behaves as an ideal polarized beam splitter, producing strong negative reflection for transverse-magnetic (TM) light and efficient reflection for transverse-electric (TE) light. The large anisotropy resulting from this TE-metal-like/TM-dielectric-like feature can be explained by the dispersion curve based on the Bloch theory of periodic metal-insulator-metal waveguides. The results indicate that this photon manipulation mechanism is fundamentally different from those previously proposed for 2-D or 3-D metastructures. Based on this new material platform, a novel form of metasurface holography is proposed and demonstrated, in which an image can only be reconstructed by using a TM light beam. By reducing the metamaterial structures to 1-D, our metasurface beam splitter exhibits the qualities of cost-efficient fabrication, robust performance, and high tunability, in addition to its applicability over a wide range of working wavelengths and incident angles. This development paves a foundation for metasurface structure designs towards practical metamaterial applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number649
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2014


  • metasurface structures
  • polarized beam splitter
  • negative reflection
  • transverse-electric light


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