Twin entangled beams produced by single-pass parametric down-conversion (PDC) offer the opportunity to detect weak amount of absorption with an improved sensitivity with respect to standard techniques which make use of classical light sources. We propose a differential measurement scheme which exploits the spatial quantum correlation of type-II PDC to image a weak amplitude object with a sensitivity beyond the standard quantum limit imposed by shot noise. By applying a quantitative numerical model to a specific PDC system (a type-II beta-barium borate crystal), we are able to identify conditions in parameter space suitable for a substantial enhancement of the imaging sensitivity, and we investigate the robustness of this enhancement against experimental imperfections.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 8 May 2008|
- quantum imaging
- optical signals
- twin beams