In this paper, a single-phase single-stage photovoltaic (PV) grid-tied system is investigated. The conventional Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) voltage source inverter (VSI) is replaced by a PWM current source inverter (CSI) for its voltage boosting capabilities, inherent short-circuit proof and higher reliability features. Modeling, design and analysis of the considered CSI are presented altogether with enhanced proposed control loops aided with a modified PWM technique. DC-link even current harmonics are commonly reflected as low-order odd harmonics in the grid resulting in a poor quality grid current. In order to overcome the latter, a high performance Proportional Resonant Controller, applied in the inverter inner grid current loop, is proposed using cascaded resonant control units tuned at low-order frequencies to eliminate injected grid current harmonics. Hence, with a less-bulky smoothing inductor at the CSI DC-side, grid power quality and system efficiency are simultaneously improved. Simulation and experimental results verify the proposed controller effectiveness.
- photovoltaic (PV)
- current source inverter
- proportional resonant controller
- cascaded harmonic compensator