High harmonics from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces: a high brightness attosecond source at keV photon energies

M. Zepf, B. Dromey, S. Kar, C. Bellei, D.C. Carroll, R.J. Clarke, J.S. Green, S. Kneip, P. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An intense laser pulse interacting with a near discontinuous plasma vacuum interface causes the plasma surface to perform relativistic oscillations. The reflected laser radiation then contains very high order harmonics of fundamental frequency and-according to current theory-must be bunched in radiation bursts of a few attoseconds duration. Recent experimental results have demonstrated x-ray harmonic radiation extending to 3.3 angstrom (3.8 keV, order n > 3200) with the harmonic conversion efficiency scaling as eta(n) n(-2.5) over the entire observed spectrum ranging from 17 nm to 3.3 angstrom. This scaling holds up to a maximum order, n(RO) 81 8(1/2)gamma(3), where gamma is the peak value of the Lorentz factor, above which the harmonic efficiency decreases more rapidly. The coherent nature of the generated harmonics is demonstrated by the highly directional beamed emission, which for photon energy h nu > 1 keV is found to be into a cone angle similar to 4 degrees, significantly less than that of the incident laser cone (20 degrees).

LanguageEnglish
PagesB149-B162
Number of pages14
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume49
Issue number12B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Fingerprint

Cones
Luminance
brightness
Photons
Plasmas
harmonics
Radiation
photons
Laser radiation
Conversion efficiency
Laser pulses
cones
Vacuum
scaling
X rays
harmonic radiation
energy
Lasers
lasers
bursts

Keywords

  • laser pulse
  • intense laser
  • generation
  • ultrashort
  • suppresion
  • harmonics

Cite this

Zepf, M. ; Dromey, B. ; Kar, S. ; Bellei, C. ; Carroll, D.C. ; Clarke, R.J. ; Green, J.S. ; Kneip, S. ; McKenna, P. / High harmonics from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces : a high brightness attosecond source at keV photon energies. In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 2007 ; Vol. 49, No. 12B. pp. B149-B162.
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High harmonics from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces : a high brightness attosecond source at keV photon energies. / Zepf, M.; Dromey, B.; Kar, S.; Bellei, C.; Carroll, D.C.; Clarke, R.J.; Green, J.S.; Kneip, S.; McKenna, P.

In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 49, No. 12B, 12.2007, p. B149-B162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - High harmonics from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces

T2 - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

AU - Zepf, M.

AU - Dromey, B.

AU - Kar, S.

AU - Bellei, C.

AU - Carroll, D.C.

AU - Clarke, R.J.

AU - Green, J.S.

AU - Kneip, S.

AU - McKenna, P.

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N2 - An intense laser pulse interacting with a near discontinuous plasma vacuum interface causes the plasma surface to perform relativistic oscillations. The reflected laser radiation then contains very high order harmonics of fundamental frequency and-according to current theory-must be bunched in radiation bursts of a few attoseconds duration. Recent experimental results have demonstrated x-ray harmonic radiation extending to 3.3 angstrom (3.8 keV, order n > 3200) with the harmonic conversion efficiency scaling as eta(n) n(-2.5) over the entire observed spectrum ranging from 17 nm to 3.3 angstrom. This scaling holds up to a maximum order, n(RO) 81 8(1/2)gamma(3), where gamma is the peak value of the Lorentz factor, above which the harmonic efficiency decreases more rapidly. The coherent nature of the generated harmonics is demonstrated by the highly directional beamed emission, which for photon energy h nu > 1 keV is found to be into a cone angle similar to 4 degrees, significantly less than that of the incident laser cone (20 degrees).

AB - An intense laser pulse interacting with a near discontinuous plasma vacuum interface causes the plasma surface to perform relativistic oscillations. The reflected laser radiation then contains very high order harmonics of fundamental frequency and-according to current theory-must be bunched in radiation bursts of a few attoseconds duration. Recent experimental results have demonstrated x-ray harmonic radiation extending to 3.3 angstrom (3.8 keV, order n > 3200) with the harmonic conversion efficiency scaling as eta(n) n(-2.5) over the entire observed spectrum ranging from 17 nm to 3.3 angstrom. This scaling holds up to a maximum order, n(RO) 81 8(1/2)gamma(3), where gamma is the peak value of the Lorentz factor, above which the harmonic efficiency decreases more rapidly. The coherent nature of the generated harmonics is demonstrated by the highly directional beamed emission, which for photon energy h nu > 1 keV is found to be into a cone angle similar to 4 degrees, significantly less than that of the incident laser cone (20 degrees).

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