Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on an interconnected array of GaN/InGaN micro-ring elements have been demonstrated. The devices have electrical characteristics similar to those of conventional broad-area devices. However, due to the large surface areas provided by the sidewalls, the extraction efficiency is greatly enhanced. Intense light emission at the periphery of the micro-rings is observed upon excitation by an electron beam, suggesting scattering of the photons which are extracted through the sidewalls. The devices provide a doubling in total light output compared to a broad-area reference LED of equal light-generation area.
- light-emitting diodes
- GaN/InGaN micro-ring elements