High-efficiency MOSFET-based MMC design for LVDC distribution systems

Y. Zhong, N. Roscoe, D. Holliday, T.C. Lim, S.J. Finney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
110 Downloads (Pure)


LVDC distribution networks have the potential to release larger capacity without having to upgrade the existing cables. One of the main challenges of LVDC networks is the extra customer-end DC-AC conversion stage. This paper proposes and evaluates a 5-level Si MOSFET-based MMC as a promising alternative to the conventional 2-level IGBT-based converter. This is due to the comparatively higher efficiency, power quality and reliability, and reduced EM emissions. A comprehensive analysis of a Si MOSFET 5-level MMC converter design is performed to investigate the suitability of the topology for LVDC applications. Detailed theoretical analysis of the 5-level MMC is presented, with simulated and experimental results to demonstrate circuit performance. To suppress the AC circulating current, especially the dominant 2nd harmonics, this paper presents a double line-frequency PI with orthogonal imaginary axis control method. Comparison of simulation and experimental results with those for double line-frequency PR control shows that the proposed PI controller has better performance. In addition, it is simpler to implement and more immune to sampling/discretisation errors.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2017


  • converter design
  • current suppression control
  • DC-AC
  • LVDC
  • MMC
  • PI with orhogonal imaginary axis
  • PR


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