Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism

S. Causevic, P.A. Lynch

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Abstract

    Studying tourism in the aftermath of political conflict has always been an important part of tourism research scholarship. Through the tourism lens, the study described here addresses the issues of social injustice and inequality, which are the consequence of a war and post-war legislation and regulation. The fieldwork took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The data was collected employing semi-structured interviews with tour guides and tourism decision makers, as well as overt participant observations of the tours occurring in politically contested sites. The data was analysed through the adoption of a critical perspective, which creates an emancipatory knowledge (Habermas 1978), giving voice to those themes and issues usually overlooked and marginalised through the mainstream perspectives. Besides using a critical approach, the research adopted Hegelian dialecticism, and reflexivity as tools to analyse the data, and which feed into a critical scholarship. The study finds that tourism is perceived as an alternative approach to social and political reconciliation which is happening within the post-conflict settings. This study places tourism under a larger political agenda identifying it as a part of a strategy which transforms places, cultures and societies through social reconciliation and urban regeneration following the political conflict. It reveals the issues and challenges which influence this process, among which the most powerful characteristic appears to be an issue of social and personal catharsis. The study argues that the dominant tourism discourse, i.e. objective ontology and realist epistemology, creates technical knowledge only, and applied to postconflict tourism development, it cannot grasp the real meaning that tourism brings to a particular society. Consequently this paper argues for a change in approach to tourism research. The study suggests a subjective/relativist ontology would lead to better understanding of the tourism phenomenon and emancipation of the less heard perspectives.

    Conference

    Conference3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference
    CityZadar, Croatia
    Period21/06/0924/06/09

    Fingerprint

    critical theory
    peace
    Tourism
    political conflict
    reconciliation
    ontology
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    political agenda
    emancipation
    reflexivity
    participant observation
    epistemology
    decision maker
    legislation
    regulation

    Keywords

    • Bosnia
    • Herzegovinia
    • emancipatory knowledge
    • critical scholarship
    • postconflict tourism
    • social justice

    Cite this

    Causevic, S., & Lynch, P. A. (2009). Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism. Paper presented at 3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference, Zadar, Croatia, .
    Causevic, S. ; Lynch, P.A. / Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism. Paper presented at 3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference, Zadar, Croatia, .
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    title = "Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism",
    abstract = "Studying tourism in the aftermath of political conflict has always been an important part of tourism research scholarship. Through the tourism lens, the study described here addresses the issues of social injustice and inequality, which are the consequence of a war and post-war legislation and regulation. The fieldwork took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The data was collected employing semi-structured interviews with tour guides and tourism decision makers, as well as overt participant observations of the tours occurring in politically contested sites. The data was analysed through the adoption of a critical perspective, which creates an emancipatory knowledge (Habermas 1978), giving voice to those themes and issues usually overlooked and marginalised through the mainstream perspectives. Besides using a critical approach, the research adopted Hegelian dialecticism, and reflexivity as tools to analyse the data, and which feed into a critical scholarship. The study finds that tourism is perceived as an alternative approach to social and political reconciliation which is happening within the post-conflict settings. This study places tourism under a larger political agenda identifying it as a part of a strategy which transforms places, cultures and societies through social reconciliation and urban regeneration following the political conflict. It reveals the issues and challenges which influence this process, among which the most powerful characteristic appears to be an issue of social and personal catharsis. The study argues that the dominant tourism discourse, i.e. objective ontology and realist epistemology, creates technical knowledge only, and applied to postconflict tourism development, it cannot grasp the real meaning that tourism brings to a particular society. Consequently this paper argues for a change in approach to tourism research. The study suggests a subjective/relativist ontology would lead to better understanding of the tourism phenomenon and emancipation of the less heard perspectives.",
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    author = "S. Causevic and P.A. Lynch",
    note = "AHR; 3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference ; Conference date: 21-06-2009 Through 24-06-2009",
    year = "2009",
    month = "6",
    language = "English",

    }

    Causevic, S & Lynch, PA 2009, 'Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism' Paper presented at 3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference, Zadar, Croatia, 21/06/09 - 24/06/09, .

    Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism. / Causevic, S.; Lynch, P.A.

    2009. Paper presented at 3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference, Zadar, Croatia, .

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism

    AU - Causevic, S.

    AU - Lynch, P.A.

    N1 - AHR

    PY - 2009/6

    Y1 - 2009/6

    N2 - Studying tourism in the aftermath of political conflict has always been an important part of tourism research scholarship. Through the tourism lens, the study described here addresses the issues of social injustice and inequality, which are the consequence of a war and post-war legislation and regulation. The fieldwork took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The data was collected employing semi-structured interviews with tour guides and tourism decision makers, as well as overt participant observations of the tours occurring in politically contested sites. The data was analysed through the adoption of a critical perspective, which creates an emancipatory knowledge (Habermas 1978), giving voice to those themes and issues usually overlooked and marginalised through the mainstream perspectives. Besides using a critical approach, the research adopted Hegelian dialecticism, and reflexivity as tools to analyse the data, and which feed into a critical scholarship. The study finds that tourism is perceived as an alternative approach to social and political reconciliation which is happening within the post-conflict settings. This study places tourism under a larger political agenda identifying it as a part of a strategy which transforms places, cultures and societies through social reconciliation and urban regeneration following the political conflict. It reveals the issues and challenges which influence this process, among which the most powerful characteristic appears to be an issue of social and personal catharsis. The study argues that the dominant tourism discourse, i.e. objective ontology and realist epistemology, creates technical knowledge only, and applied to postconflict tourism development, it cannot grasp the real meaning that tourism brings to a particular society. Consequently this paper argues for a change in approach to tourism research. The study suggests a subjective/relativist ontology would lead to better understanding of the tourism phenomenon and emancipation of the less heard perspectives.

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    KW - Bosnia

    KW - Herzegovinia

    KW - emancipatory knowledge

    KW - critical scholarship

    KW - postconflict tourism

    KW - social justice

    UR - http://www.sal.wur.nl/UK/Conferences/Zadar2009/Program/

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Causevic S, Lynch PA. Hegelian dialecticism, critical theory, war, peace and tourism. 2009. Paper presented at 3rd International Critical Tourism Studies Conference, Zadar, Croatia, .