'Half-cut' science

a qualitative examination of alcohol industry actors' use of peer-reviewed evidence in policy submissions on Minimum Unit Pricing

Dana Cullen, Katherine Smith, Jeff Collin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim: To assess the extent to which alcohol industry actors cited evidence in submissions to the Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee’s 2011 call for written evidence on the Alcohol (Minimum Pricing) (Scotland) Bill and to compare any citations of peer-reviewed evidence to original sources.
    Methods: All submissions to the consultation (n=128) were manually searched to identify those written by alcohol industry actors (n=25). The reference lists of all the alcohol industry submissions were reviewed and peer-reviewed sources were retrieved, read and assessed against their in-text citation within the alcohol industry submissions.
    Results: Although most industry submissions cited evidence of some sort, only 7 (28%) cited peer-reviewed evidence. Comparing the total number of citations to peer-reviewed evidence (n=17) to original sources demonstrates that 82% were questionably cited. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that the majority of references to peer-reviewed evidence in this sample of alcohol industry policy submissions were misleading with examples of citations being presented as supportive of arguments that the original evidence source specifically argued against. This suggests that even the depiction of peer-reviewed evidence within alcohol industry policy submissions needs to be treated with caution.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-66
    Number of pages18
    JournalEvidence and Policy
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    Early online date10 Oct 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2019

    Fingerprint

    pricing
    Industry
    alcohol
    Alcohols
    Costs and Cost Analysis
    examination
    industry
    science
    evidence
    Scotland
    Sports
    Referral and Consultation
    parliament
    Health
    health

    Keywords

    • alcohol control policy
    • alcohol industry and eviden
    • minimum unit pricing
    • health policy

    Cite this

    @article{49fd06ee46de422db55f1ae95441033b,
    title = "'Half-cut' science: a qualitative examination of alcohol industry actors' use of peer-reviewed evidence in policy submissions on Minimum Unit Pricing",
    abstract = "Aim: To assess the extent to which alcohol industry actors cited evidence in submissions to the Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee’s 2011 call for written evidence on the Alcohol (Minimum Pricing) (Scotland) Bill and to compare any citations of peer-reviewed evidence to original sources. Methods: All submissions to the consultation (n=128) were manually searched to identify those written by alcohol industry actors (n=25). The reference lists of all the alcohol industry submissions were reviewed and peer-reviewed sources were retrieved, read and assessed against their in-text citation within the alcohol industry submissions. Results: Although most industry submissions cited evidence of some sort, only 7 (28{\%}) cited peer-reviewed evidence. Comparing the total number of citations to peer-reviewed evidence (n=17) to original sources demonstrates that 82{\%} were questionably cited. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that the majority of references to peer-reviewed evidence in this sample of alcohol industry policy submissions were misleading with examples of citations being presented as supportive of arguments that the original evidence source specifically argued against. This suggests that even the depiction of peer-reviewed evidence within alcohol industry policy submissions needs to be treated with caution.",
    keywords = "alcohol control policy, alcohol industry and eviden, minimum unit pricing, health policy",
    author = "Dana Cullen and Katherine Smith and Jeff Collin",
    note = "This is a post-peer-review, pre-copy edited version of an article published in Evidence and Policy. The definitive publisher-authenticated version: Cullen, D., Smith, K., & Collin, J. (2019). 'Half-cut' science: a qualitative examination of alcohol industry actors' use of peer-reviewed evidence in policy submissions on Minimum Unit Pricing. Evidence and Policy, 15(1), 49-66. is available online here: https://doi.org/10.1332/174426417X15071939491726",
    year = "2019",
    month = "1",
    day = "31",
    doi = "10.1332/174426417X15071939491726",
    language = "English",
    volume = "15",
    pages = "49--66",
    journal = "Evidence and Policy",
    issn = "1744-2648",
    number = "1",

    }

    'Half-cut' science : a qualitative examination of alcohol industry actors' use of peer-reviewed evidence in policy submissions on Minimum Unit Pricing. / Cullen, Dana; Smith, Katherine; Collin, Jeff.

    In: Evidence and Policy, Vol. 15, No. 1, 31.01.2019, p. 49-66.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - 'Half-cut' science

    T2 - a qualitative examination of alcohol industry actors' use of peer-reviewed evidence in policy submissions on Minimum Unit Pricing

    AU - Cullen, Dana

    AU - Smith, Katherine

    AU - Collin, Jeff

    N1 - This is a post-peer-review, pre-copy edited version of an article published in Evidence and Policy. The definitive publisher-authenticated version: Cullen, D., Smith, K., & Collin, J. (2019). 'Half-cut' science: a qualitative examination of alcohol industry actors' use of peer-reviewed evidence in policy submissions on Minimum Unit Pricing. Evidence and Policy, 15(1), 49-66. is available online here: https://doi.org/10.1332/174426417X15071939491726

    PY - 2019/1/31

    Y1 - 2019/1/31

    N2 - Aim: To assess the extent to which alcohol industry actors cited evidence in submissions to the Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee’s 2011 call for written evidence on the Alcohol (Minimum Pricing) (Scotland) Bill and to compare any citations of peer-reviewed evidence to original sources. Methods: All submissions to the consultation (n=128) were manually searched to identify those written by alcohol industry actors (n=25). The reference lists of all the alcohol industry submissions were reviewed and peer-reviewed sources were retrieved, read and assessed against their in-text citation within the alcohol industry submissions. Results: Although most industry submissions cited evidence of some sort, only 7 (28%) cited peer-reviewed evidence. Comparing the total number of citations to peer-reviewed evidence (n=17) to original sources demonstrates that 82% were questionably cited. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that the majority of references to peer-reviewed evidence in this sample of alcohol industry policy submissions were misleading with examples of citations being presented as supportive of arguments that the original evidence source specifically argued against. This suggests that even the depiction of peer-reviewed evidence within alcohol industry policy submissions needs to be treated with caution.

    AB - Aim: To assess the extent to which alcohol industry actors cited evidence in submissions to the Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee’s 2011 call for written evidence on the Alcohol (Minimum Pricing) (Scotland) Bill and to compare any citations of peer-reviewed evidence to original sources. Methods: All submissions to the consultation (n=128) were manually searched to identify those written by alcohol industry actors (n=25). The reference lists of all the alcohol industry submissions were reviewed and peer-reviewed sources were retrieved, read and assessed against their in-text citation within the alcohol industry submissions. Results: Although most industry submissions cited evidence of some sort, only 7 (28%) cited peer-reviewed evidence. Comparing the total number of citations to peer-reviewed evidence (n=17) to original sources demonstrates that 82% were questionably cited. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that the majority of references to peer-reviewed evidence in this sample of alcohol industry policy submissions were misleading with examples of citations being presented as supportive of arguments that the original evidence source specifically argued against. This suggests that even the depiction of peer-reviewed evidence within alcohol industry policy submissions needs to be treated with caution.

    KW - alcohol control policy

    KW - alcohol industry and eviden

    KW - minimum unit pricing

    KW - health policy

    UR - https://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/halfcut-science(22ca4cd7-e0f8-4b9e-bbd8-08148f9d3dc1).html

    U2 - 10.1332/174426417X15071939491726

    DO - 10.1332/174426417X15071939491726

    M3 - Article

    VL - 15

    SP - 49

    EP - 66

    JO - Evidence and Policy

    JF - Evidence and Policy

    SN - 1744-2648

    IS - 1

    ER -