Group norms, threat, and children's racial prejudice

Drew Nesdale, Anne Maass, Kevin Durkin, Judith Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Citations (Scopus)


To assess predictions from social identity development theory (SIDT; Nesdale, 2004) concerning children's ethnic/racial prejudice, 197 Anglo-Australian children ages 7 or 9 years participated in a minimal group study as a member of a team that had a norm of inclusion or exclusion. The team was threatened or not threatened by an out-group that was of the same or different race. Consistent with SIDT, prejudice was greater when the in-group had a norm of exclusion and there was threat from the out-group. Norms and threat also interacted with participant age to influence ethnic attitudes, although prejudice was greatest when the in-group had an exclusion norm and there was out-group threat. The implications of the findings for SIDT are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-663
Number of pages11
JournalChild Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2005


  • child psychology
  • child development
  • prejudice
  • psychology


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