Ground-motion prediction equations for southern Spain and southern Norway obtained using the composite model perspective

John Douglas, Hilmar Bungum, Frank Scherbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, two sets of earthquake ground-motion relations to estimate peak ground and response spectral acceleration are developed for sites in southern Spain and in southern Norway using a recently published composite approach. For this purpose seven empirical ground-motion relations developed from recorded strong-motion data from different parts of the world were employed. The different relations were first adjusted based on a number of transformations to convert the differing choices of independent parameters to a single one. After these transformations, which include the scatter introduced, were performed, the equations were modified to account for differences between the host and the target regions using the stochastic method to compute the host-to-target conversion factors. Finally functions were fitted to the derived ground-motion estimates to obtain sets of seven individual equations for use in probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for southern Spain and southern Norway. The relations are compared with local ones published for the two regions. The composite methodology calls for the setting up of independent logic trees for the median values and for the sigma values, in order to properly separate epistemic and aleatory uncertainties after the corrections and the conversions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-72
Number of pages40
JournalJournal of Earthquake Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006


  • attenuation relations
  • ground-motion estimation
  • Norway
  • seismic hazard assessment
  • Spain
  • stochastic method


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