GRIK4/KA1 protein expression in human brain and correlation with bipolar disorder risk variant status

Helen M Knight, Robert Walker, Rachel James, David J Porteous, Walter J. Muir, Douglas H R Blackwood, Benjamin S Pickard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kainate class of ionotropic glutamate receptors is involved in the regulation of neuronal transmission and synaptic plasticity. Previously we reported that a deletion variant within the gene GRIK4, which encodes the KA1 kainate receptor subunit, was associated with a reduced risk of bipolar disorder and increased GRIK4 mRNA abundance. Using a high resolution immunohistochemistry technique, we characterized KA1 protein localization in human brain and performed a genotype–protein expression correlation study. KA1 was expressed in specific populations of neuronal cells in the cerebellum and all layers of the frontal and parahippocampal cortices. In the hippocampus, strong KA1 expression was observed in the stratum pyramidale and stratum lucidum of CA3 and CA2, in cell processes in CA1, in the neuropil of the CA4 region, in polymorphic cells including mossy fiber neurons in the hilus, and dentate gyrus
(DG) granule cells. Mean counts of KA1 positive DG granule cells, hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells, and layer 1 of the frontal cortex were significantly increased in subjects with the deletion allele (P¼0.0005, 0.018, and 0.0058, respectively) compared to subjects homozygous for the insertion. Neuronal expression levels in all regions quantified were higher in the deletion group. These results support our hypothesis that the deletion allele affords protection against bipolar disorder through increased KA1 protein abundance in neuronal cells. Biological mechanisms whichmay contribute to this protective effect include KA1 involvement in adult hippocampal neurogenesis, HPA axis activation, or plasticity processes affecting neuronal circuitry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume159B
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Bipolar Disorder
Brain
Hippocampal CA3 Region
Proteins
Neuronal Plasticity
Dentate Gyrus
Frontal Lobe
Hippocampal CA2 Region
Alleles
Ionotropic Glutamate Receptors
Kainic Acid Receptors
Neuropil
Kainic Acid
Neurogenesis
Cerebellum
Hippocampus
Immunohistochemistry
Neurons
Messenger RNA
Population

Keywords

  • kainate receptor
  • bipolar disorder
  • GRIK4/KA1
  • deletion
  • human brain
  • protein expression

Cite this

Knight, Helen M ; Walker, Robert ; James, Rachel ; Porteous, David J ; Muir, Walter J. ; Blackwood, Douglas H R ; Pickard, Benjamin S. / GRIK4/KA1 protein expression in human brain and correlation with bipolar disorder risk variant status. In: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics. 2012 ; Vol. 159B, No. 1. pp. 21-29.
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GRIK4/KA1 protein expression in human brain and correlation with bipolar disorder risk variant status. / Knight, Helen M; Walker, Robert; James, Rachel; Porteous, David J; Muir, Walter J.; Blackwood, Douglas H R; Pickard, Benjamin S.

In: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Vol. 159B, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 21-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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