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Short circuit ratio is an outdated measure of system strength in converter dominated systems as the useful behaviour of inverter-based resources is not represented. While still useful for determining fault current provision, converter connected generation contributes to short circuit level and system strength in a different way to traditional synchronous generation. Additionally, traditional measures only account for system strength at the fundamental frequency while converters possess complex interactions across a frequency range. A novel method of determining system strength across this frequency range from the network impedances is proposed in this paper. The approach known as the Grid Strength Impedance Metric, calculates the system strength independently from short circuit level. The unique contribution of grid-following and grid-forming converters is represented by including the multiple-input multiple-output converter output impedances in the calculation. Small-signal impedance models are employed, and the metric is largely concerned with short-term voltage stability, but some inferences can be made for longer timescales. The approach is validated using time domain simulations to check for any identified areas of weakness in the frequency range. The Grid Strength Impedance Metric successfully represents the useful behaviour of grid-forming converters, indicating an enhancement in voltage stiffness in locations of deployment.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery|
|Early online date||9 Jan 2023|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2023|
- short circuit ratio (SCR)
- grid stiffness
- converter impedance
- power system stability
- grid forming converter
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- 1 Finished
Doctoral Training Partnership 2018-19 University of Strathclyde | Henderson, Callum
Egea Alvarez, A., Holliday, D., Xu, L. & Henderson, C.
EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)
1/10/19 → 18/05/23
Project: Research Studentship - Internally Allocated