Grammar transformations: using composite grammars to understand hybridity in design

S.C. Chase, Sumbul Ahmad

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Hybrid designs are those that develop from multiple sources. This paper presents the methodology of composite grammars, developed by merging multiple grammars, for the analysis of hybrid designs. The methodology is discussed with an example from Islamic architecture, which is known to have developed by borrowing from various sources. The methodology is seen to be useful for the analysis of the evolution of historic architecture, as well as for the development of new languages of designs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCAAD futures 2005
Subtitle of host publicationlearning from the past a foundation for the future
EditorsBob Martins, Andre Brown
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventCAAD Futures 2005 Conference - Vienna, United Kingdom
Duration: 20 Jun 200522 Jun 2005

Publication series

NameCAAD Futures
PublisherIRIS-ISIS Publications


ConferenceCAAD Futures 2005 Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • architecture
  • design hybridity
  • composite grammars
  • shape grammars
  • generative design
  • historical analysis
  • islamic architecture
  • hybridity


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