Google matrix of the citation network of Physical Review

Klaus M. Frahm, Young-Ho Eom, Dima L. Shepelyansky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


We study the statistical properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of the citation network of Physical Review for the period 1893–2009. The main fraction of complex eigenvalues with largest modulus is determined numerically by different methods based on high-precision computations with up to p = 16 384 binary digits that allow us to resolve hard numerical problems for small eigenvalues. The nearly nilpotent matrix structure allows us to obtain a semianalytical computation of eigenvalues. We find that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law with a fractal dimension df ≈ 1. It is found that the majority of eigenvectors are located in a localized phase. The statistical distribution of articles in the PageRank-CheiRank plane is established providing a better understanding of information flows on the network. The concept of ImpactRank is proposed to determine an influence domain of a given article.We also discuss the properties of random matrix models of Perron-Frobenius operators.
Original languageEnglish
Article number052814
Number of pages22
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2014


  • google matrix
  • fractal Weyl law
  • Perron-Frobenius operators


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