GOALDS – goal based ship stability & safety standards

Apostolos Papanikolaou, Byung Suk Lee, Christian Mains, Odd Olufsen, Dracos Vassalos, George Zaraphonitis

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The new probabilistic damaged stability regulations for dry cargo and passenger ships (SOLAS 2009), which entered into force on January 1, 2009, represent a major step forward in achieving an improved safety standard through the rationalization and harmonization of damaged stability requirements. There are, however, serious concerns regarding the adopted formulation for the calculation of the survival probability of passenger ships, particularly for ROPAX and large cruise vessels. The present paper outlines the objectives, the methodology of work and intermediate results of the EU–funded FP7 project GOALDS (Goal Based Damaged Stability, 2009–2012), which aims to address the above shortcomings by state–of–the–art scientific methods and by formulating a rational, goal–based regulatory framework, properly accounting for the damage stability properties of passenger ships.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-463
Number of pages15
JournalProcedia Social and Behavioral Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2012


  • damaged ship stability
  • probabilistic assessment
  • goal-based design
  • risk-based design
  • passenger ship safety


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