Glucagon desensitization of adenylate cyclase and stimulation of inositol phospholipid metabolism does not involve the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi, which is inactivated upon challenge of hepatocytes with glucagon

G J Murphy, D J Gawler, G Milligan, M J Wakelam, N J Pyne, M D Houslay

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Abstract

Brief exposure of hepatocytes to glucagon, angiotensin or the protein kinase C activator TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate) caused the inactivation of the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi. Glucagon-mediated desensitization of glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was seen in hepatocytes from both normal rats and those made diabetic with streptozotocin, where Gi is not functionally expressed. Normal glucagon desensitization was seen in hepatocytes from young animals, 6 weeks of age, which had amounts of Gi in their hepatocyte membranes which were some 45% of that seen in mature animals (3.4 pmol/mg of plasma-membrane protein). Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in young animals abolished the appearance of functional Gi in hepatocyte plasma membranes. Pertussis-toxin treatment of hepatocytes from both normal mature animals and those made diabetic, with streptozotocin, blocked the ability of glucagon or angiotensin or TPA to elicit desensitization of adenylate cyclase. The isolated B (binding)-subunit of pertussis toxin was ineffective in blocking desensitization. Neither induction of diabetes nor treatment of hepatocytes with pertussis toxin inhibited the ability of glucagon and angiotensin to stimulate the production of inositol phosphates in intact hepatocytes. Thus (i) Gi does not appear to play a role in the molecular mechanism of glucagon desensitization in hepatocytes, (ii) the G-protein concerned with receptor-stimulated inositol phospholipid metabolism in hepatocytes appears not to be a substrate for the action of pertussis toxin, (iii) in intact hepatocytes, treatment with glucagon and/or angiotensin can elicit the inactivation of the inhibitory G-protein Gi, and (iv) pertussis toxin blocks desensitization by a process which does not involve Gi.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical journal
Volume259
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1989

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Phosphatidylinositols
Glucagon
GTP-Binding Proteins
Adenylyl Cyclases
Metabolism
Hepatocytes
Pertussis Toxin
Angiotensins
Animals
Streptozocin
Cell membranes
Medical problems
Gi-Go GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits
Cell Membrane
Inositol Phosphates
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
Protein Kinase C
Rats
Blood Proteins

Keywords

  • adenylate cyclase
  • adenylate cyclase toxin
  • animals
  • diabetes mellitus, experimental
  • GTP-binding proteins
  • glucagon
  • inositol phosphates
  • liver
  • pertussis toxin
  • rats
  • rats, inbred strains
  • sugar phosphates
  • virulence factors, bordetella

Cite this

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title = "Glucagon desensitization of adenylate cyclase and stimulation of inositol phospholipid metabolism does not involve the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi, which is inactivated upon challenge of hepatocytes with glucagon",
abstract = "Brief exposure of hepatocytes to glucagon, angiotensin or the protein kinase C activator TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate) caused the inactivation of the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi. Glucagon-mediated desensitization of glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was seen in hepatocytes from both normal rats and those made diabetic with streptozotocin, where Gi is not functionally expressed. Normal glucagon desensitization was seen in hepatocytes from young animals, 6 weeks of age, which had amounts of Gi in their hepatocyte membranes which were some 45{\%} of that seen in mature animals (3.4 pmol/mg of plasma-membrane protein). Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in young animals abolished the appearance of functional Gi in hepatocyte plasma membranes. Pertussis-toxin treatment of hepatocytes from both normal mature animals and those made diabetic, with streptozotocin, blocked the ability of glucagon or angiotensin or TPA to elicit desensitization of adenylate cyclase. The isolated B (binding)-subunit of pertussis toxin was ineffective in blocking desensitization. Neither induction of diabetes nor treatment of hepatocytes with pertussis toxin inhibited the ability of glucagon and angiotensin to stimulate the production of inositol phosphates in intact hepatocytes. Thus (i) Gi does not appear to play a role in the molecular mechanism of glucagon desensitization in hepatocytes, (ii) the G-protein concerned with receptor-stimulated inositol phospholipid metabolism in hepatocytes appears not to be a substrate for the action of pertussis toxin, (iii) in intact hepatocytes, treatment with glucagon and/or angiotensin can elicit the inactivation of the inhibitory G-protein Gi, and (iv) pertussis toxin blocks desensitization by a process which does not involve Gi.",
keywords = "adenylate cyclase, adenylate cyclase toxin, animals, diabetes mellitus, experimental, GTP-binding proteins, glucagon, inositol phosphates, liver, pertussis toxin, rats, rats, inbred strains, sugar phosphates, virulence factors, bordetella",
author = "Murphy, {G J} and Gawler, {D J} and G Milligan and Wakelam, {M J} and Pyne, {N J} and Houslay, {M D}",
year = "1989",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "259",
pages = "191--197",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Glucagon desensitization of adenylate cyclase and stimulation of inositol phospholipid metabolism does not involve the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi, which is inactivated upon challenge of hepatocytes with glucagon

AU - Murphy, G J

AU - Gawler, D J

AU - Milligan, G

AU - Wakelam, M J

AU - Pyne, N J

AU - Houslay, M D

PY - 1989/4/1

Y1 - 1989/4/1

N2 - Brief exposure of hepatocytes to glucagon, angiotensin or the protein kinase C activator TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate) caused the inactivation of the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi. Glucagon-mediated desensitization of glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was seen in hepatocytes from both normal rats and those made diabetic with streptozotocin, where Gi is not functionally expressed. Normal glucagon desensitization was seen in hepatocytes from young animals, 6 weeks of age, which had amounts of Gi in their hepatocyte membranes which were some 45% of that seen in mature animals (3.4 pmol/mg of plasma-membrane protein). Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in young animals abolished the appearance of functional Gi in hepatocyte plasma membranes. Pertussis-toxin treatment of hepatocytes from both normal mature animals and those made diabetic, with streptozotocin, blocked the ability of glucagon or angiotensin or TPA to elicit desensitization of adenylate cyclase. The isolated B (binding)-subunit of pertussis toxin was ineffective in blocking desensitization. Neither induction of diabetes nor treatment of hepatocytes with pertussis toxin inhibited the ability of glucagon and angiotensin to stimulate the production of inositol phosphates in intact hepatocytes. Thus (i) Gi does not appear to play a role in the molecular mechanism of glucagon desensitization in hepatocytes, (ii) the G-protein concerned with receptor-stimulated inositol phospholipid metabolism in hepatocytes appears not to be a substrate for the action of pertussis toxin, (iii) in intact hepatocytes, treatment with glucagon and/or angiotensin can elicit the inactivation of the inhibitory G-protein Gi, and (iv) pertussis toxin blocks desensitization by a process which does not involve Gi.

AB - Brief exposure of hepatocytes to glucagon, angiotensin or the protein kinase C activator TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate) caused the inactivation of the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein Gi. Glucagon-mediated desensitization of glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was seen in hepatocytes from both normal rats and those made diabetic with streptozotocin, where Gi is not functionally expressed. Normal glucagon desensitization was seen in hepatocytes from young animals, 6 weeks of age, which had amounts of Gi in their hepatocyte membranes which were some 45% of that seen in mature animals (3.4 pmol/mg of plasma-membrane protein). Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in young animals abolished the appearance of functional Gi in hepatocyte plasma membranes. Pertussis-toxin treatment of hepatocytes from both normal mature animals and those made diabetic, with streptozotocin, blocked the ability of glucagon or angiotensin or TPA to elicit desensitization of adenylate cyclase. The isolated B (binding)-subunit of pertussis toxin was ineffective in blocking desensitization. Neither induction of diabetes nor treatment of hepatocytes with pertussis toxin inhibited the ability of glucagon and angiotensin to stimulate the production of inositol phosphates in intact hepatocytes. Thus (i) Gi does not appear to play a role in the molecular mechanism of glucagon desensitization in hepatocytes, (ii) the G-protein concerned with receptor-stimulated inositol phospholipid metabolism in hepatocytes appears not to be a substrate for the action of pertussis toxin, (iii) in intact hepatocytes, treatment with glucagon and/or angiotensin can elicit the inactivation of the inhibitory G-protein Gi, and (iv) pertussis toxin blocks desensitization by a process which does not involve Gi.

KW - adenylate cyclase

KW - adenylate cyclase toxin

KW - animals

KW - diabetes mellitus, experimental

KW - GTP-binding proteins

KW - glucagon

KW - inositol phosphates

KW - liver

KW - pertussis toxin

KW - rats

KW - rats, inbred strains

KW - sugar phosphates

KW - virulence factors, bordetella

M3 - Article

C2 - 2497730

VL - 259

SP - 191

EP - 197

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

IS - 1

ER -