Globalization, reflexivity and the project of the self: a virtual intercultural learning process

Aliakbar Jafari, Christina Goulding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this paper, we examine the consumption practices of young adult Iranians in the context of cultural globalization. Based on analysis of qualitative data collected through participatory observation, in-depth interviews and focus groups with 28 individuals in Tehran and Karaj, we demonstrate how, through its cultural flow (circulation of images, signs, products, etc.) globalization stimulates reflexivity in ‘an ongoing process of virtual intercultural learning’ through which people reconstitute their lives and change their everyday consumption practices and lifestyle choices. The key contribution of the study lies in the fact that it examines consumers’ subjective consumption experiences in a society where the traditional/institutional dynamics enforce their own values and ideal lifestyles on individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Directions in Consumer Research
EditorsPaul Hewer, Aliakbar Jafari, Kathy Hamilton
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)9781473911536
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015


  • cultural globalisation
  • reflexivity
  • intercultural learning process
  • the self

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