Germyliumylidene: a versatile low valent group 14 catalyst

Debotra Sarkar, Sayan Dutta, Catherine Weetman, Emeric Schubert, Debasis Koley, Shigeyoshi Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
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Bis-NHC stabilized germyliumylidenes [RGe(NHC) 2] + are typically Lewis basic (LB) in nature, owing to their lone pair and coordination of two NHCs to the vacant p-orbitals of the germanium center. However, they can also show Lewis acidity (LA) via Ge−C NHC σ* orbital. Utilizing this unique electronic feature, we report the first example of bis-NHC-stabilized germyliumylidene [ MesTerGe(NHC) 2]Cl (1), ( MesTer=2,6-(2,4,6-Me 3C 6H 2) 2C 6H 3; NHC= IMe 4=1,3,4,5-tetramethylimidazol-2-ylidene) catalyzed reduction of CO 2 with amines and arylsilane, which proceeds via its Lewis basic nature. In contrast, the Lewis acid nature of 1 is utilized in the catalyzed hydroboration and cyanosilylation of carbonyls, thus highlighting the versatile ambiphilic nature of bis-NHC stabilized germyliumylidenes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13072-13078
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number51
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sept 2021


  • CO conversion
  • DFT
  • N-heterocyclic carbenes
  • catalysis
  • cations
  • germanium


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