Geo-engineering using dust grains in heliotropic elliptical orbits

Russell Bewick, Charlotte Lucking, Camilla Colombo, Joan-Pau Sanchez Cuartielles, Colin McInnes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

2 Citations (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper examines the concept of a Saturn-like Earth ring comprised of dust grains to offset global warming. A new family of non-Keplerian periodic orbits, under the effects of solar radiation pressure and the Earth’s oblateness J2 perturbation, is selected to increase the lifetime of the passive cloud of particles and, thus, increase the efficiency of this geo-engineering strategy. An analytical model is used to predict the evolution of the dust due to solar-radiation pressure and the J2 effect. The attenuation of the solar radiation can then be calculated from the ring model. In comparison to circular orbits, eccentric orbits yield a more stable environment for small grain sizes and therefore achieve higher efficiencies when the orbital decay of the material is considered. Moreover, the special orbital dynamics experienced by high area-to-mass ratio objects, influenced by solar radiation pressure and the J2 effect, ensure the ring will maintain a permanent heliotropic shape, with dust spending the largest portion of time on the Sun facing side. It is envisaged that small dust grains can be released with an initial Δv to enter an eccentric orbit with Sun-facing apogee. Finally, an estimate of 5.94x1011 kg is computed as the total mass required to offset the effects of global warming.
Original languageEnglish
PagesArticle AIC-11-D1.1.9
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2011
Event62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011 - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: 3 Oct 20117 Oct 2011

Conference

Conference62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011
CountrySouth Africa
CityCape Town
Period3/10/117/10/11

Keywords

  • global warming
  • non-Keplerian orbits
  • J2 effect
  • geo-engineering strategy
  • solar radiation pressure
  • eccentric orbits
  • heliotropic orbit

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    Bewick, R., Lucking, C., Colombo, C., Sanchez Cuartielles, J-P., & McInnes, C. (2011). Geo-engineering using dust grains in heliotropic elliptical orbits. Article AIC-11-D1.1.9. Paper presented at 62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011, Cape Town, South Africa.