Genetic Aspects of Ageing

Ben Pickard, Douglas Blackwood

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The heritability of human longevity is about 25% indicating scope for the identification of genes implicated in the process. Mutations in two genes, WRN and LMNA, cause premature ageing in people (progeria) which points to an effect of accumulating DNA damage in the cell as one possible mechanism of ageing. Age‐dependent accumulation of deleterious mutations in mitochondrial DNA may underly some ageing processes especially in the nervous system. Longevity in mice is also influenced by the rate of cell proliferation and apoptosis leading to correlations between longevity and both body size and length of chromosome telomeres. Across all organisms age is accompanied by reduced expression of genes involved in oxidative metabolism and interest in the connections between diet and longevity has been stimulated by the recent observation that the drug rapamycin extends lifespan in mice. This drug interferes with cell nutrition by inhibiting the TOR signalling pathway.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPrinciples and Practice of Geriatric Psychiatry
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
EditorsMohammed T. Abou‐Saleh , Cornelius Katona, Anand Kumar
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Inc.
Pages51-54
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780470747230
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2010

Keywords

  • body size
  • diet
  • DNA repair
  • mitochondria
  • progeria
  • rapamycin
  • telomere
  • TOR signalling

Cite this

Pickard, B., & Blackwood, D. (2010). Genetic Aspects of Ageing. In M. T. Abou‐Saleh , C. Katona, & A. Kumar (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Geriatric Psychiatry: Third Edition (pp. 51-54). John Wiley & Sons Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470669600.ch9