Generation of quasi-monoenergetic protons from thin multi-ion foils by a combination of laser radiation pressure acceleration and shielded Coulomb repulsion

Tung-Chang Liu, Xi Shao, Chuan-Sheng Liu, Minqing He, Bengt Eliasson, Vipin Tripathi, Jao-Jang Su, Jyhpung Wang, Shih-Hung Chen

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We study theoretically and numerically the acceleration of protons by a combination of laser radiation pressure acceleration and Coulomb repulsion of carbon ions in a multi-ion thin foil made of carbon and hydrogen. The carbon layer helps to delay the proton layer from disruption due to the Rayleigh–Taylor instability, to maintain the quasi-monoenergetic proton layer and to accelerate it by the electron-shielded Coulomb repulsion for much longer duration than the acceleration time using single-ion hydrogen foils. Particle-in-cell simulations with a normalized peak laser amplitude of a_0 = 5 show a resulting quasi-monoenergetic proton energy of about 70 MeV with the foil made of 90% carbon and 10% hydrogen, in contrast to 10 MeV using a single-ion hydrogen foil. An analytical model is presented to explain quantitatively the proton energy evolution; this model is in agreement with the simulation results. The energy dependence of the quasi-monoenergetic proton beam on the concentration of carbon and hydrogen is also studied.
Original languageEnglish
Article number025026
Number of pages16
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2013


  • particle-in-cell
  • ion acceleration
  • laser
  • quasi-monoenergetic protons
  • thin multi-ion foils
  • laser radiation pressure acceleration
  • shielded Coulomb repulsion

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