The International Maritime Organization (IMO) finalized the second-generation intact stability criteria in 2022. However, an accurate and practical numerical method for stability loss has yet to be established. Therefore, a 6 DOF numerical model is further improved based on the previous study. Firstly, the rolling motion is simulated using a seakeeping model instead of the previous maneuvering mathematical model. Secondly, the roll-restoring variation is calculated directly considering the instantaneous wet hull instead of the previous pre-calculated method. Thirdly, transferring frequency to time is used to obtain heave and pitch motions, further considering yaw angle and sway velocity. Fourthly, the dynamic forces for sway, roll, and yaw motions are calculated, further considering the effect of the speed variation. Fifthly, the 6 DOF motions are used to determine the instantaneous wet hull, and the FK force and the hydrostatic force are calculated by the body’s exact method. Finally, a new conclusion is obtained that the sway and yaw motions’ effect on the ship speed loss, the relative longitudinal wave profile by the speed loss, the rudder angles, and the accompanying rudder forces in the rolling direction are significant, and much more than their centrifugal force or coupled force in the rolling direction.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Marine Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Feb 2023|
- pure loss of stability
- IMO second-generation intact stability criteria
- dynamic stability